Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+8ECD, 軍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8ECD

[U+8ECC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8ECE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 159, +2, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月十田十 (BJWJ), four-corner 37506, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1239, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38179
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1713, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3513, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8ECD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𠣞

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
軍-bronze.svg 軍-silk.svg 軍-seal.svg 軍-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul, *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
*qʰul, *ɡuːn
*qʰul
*qʰons, *ɢuns
*kuːn
*kuːn, *ɢuns
*kuːnʔ, *ɡuːnʔ, *ɢuns
*kuːns, *ɡuːnʔ
*kuːns
*ŋɡuːn
*ŋɡuːn, *ŋɡuːns, *ɡuːn
*ŋɡuːns
*ɡuːn, *ɢuns
*ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːnʔ
*kun
*kun, *kuns
*ŋɡunʔ
*ŋɡunʔ
*qʰun
*qunʔ
*qunʔ
*ɢuns
*ɢuns
*ɢuns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (cart; chariot) +  (to surround).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kun/
Li
Rong
/kiuən/
Wang
Li
/kĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷər/
English army; camp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. army; military
  2. soldiers; troops
  3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    興化 / 兴化  ―  Xīnghuàjūn  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぐん, rōmaji gun)

  1. army; force; military

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 군사 (gunsa gun))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.