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See also:
U+8ECD, 軍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8ECD

[U+8ECC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8ECE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +2, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月十田十 (BJWJ), four-corner 37506, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1239, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38179
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1713, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3513, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8ECD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𠣞

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
軍-bronze.svg 軍-silk.svg 軍-bigseal.svg 軍-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
qʰul
qʰul
qʰul
qʰul
qʰul, *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
qʰul, *ɡuːn
qʰul
qʰons, *ɢuns
kuːn
kuːn, *ɢuns
kuːnʔ, *ɡuːnʔ, *ɢuns
kuːns, *ɡuːnʔ
kuːns
ŋɡuːn
ŋɡuːn, *ŋɡuːns, *ɡuːn
ŋɡuːns
ɡuːn, *ɢuns
ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
ɡuːn
ɡuːn
ɡuːn
ɡuːnʔ
kun
kun, *kuns
ŋɡunʔ
ŋɡunʔ
qʰun
qunʔ
qunʔ
ɢuns
ɢuns
ɢuns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (cart; chariot) +  (to surround).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kun/
Li
Rong
/kiuən/
Wang
Li
/kĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷər/
English army; camp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. army; military
  2. soldiers; troops
  3. A male given name.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぐん, rōmaji gun)

  1. army; force; military

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gun)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gun, Yale: kwun)
    • Name (hangeul): 군사 (revised: gunsa, McCune-Reischauer: kunsa, Yale: kwunsa)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.