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See also: and
U+6230, 戰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6230

[U+622F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6231]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 62, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口十戈 (RJI), four-corner 63550, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 414, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11667
  • Dae Jaweon: page 757, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1412, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6230

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𢧐 non

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
戰-bronze-warring.svg 戰-silk.svg 戰-slip.svg 戰-seal.svg 戰-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰaːn, *tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjans): phonetic  (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans) + semantic  (halberd) – battling with a halberd.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiéng - vernacular (“to fight”);
  • ciéng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ziang3 - Shantou;
    • ziêng3 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕiᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕiɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhàn zhàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyenH › ‹ tsyenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tar-s/ /*tar-s/
    English to fear battle

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2019
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjans/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to fight
    2. war; battle; fight
      /   ―  yǒng zhàn  ―  eternal war
      / [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  wing5 zin3 [Jyutping]  ―  eternal war
    3. to tremble; to shiver

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. fighting, battle

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune–Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chiến, xuyến, chuyến)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.