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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(halberd) – battling with a halberd.

Han character[edit]

(radical 62 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口十戈 (RJI), four-corner 63550, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 414, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11667
  • Dae Jaweon: page 757, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1412, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6230

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (戰), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 之膳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇnH/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛnH/ /t͡ɕiɛnH/ /t͡ɕiɛnH/ /cianH/ /t͡ɕĭɛnH/ /t͡ɕjænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhàn ‹ tsyenH › /*tar-s/ to fear
zhàn ‹ tsyenH › /*tar-s/ battle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2019 1 /*tjans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. war, battle, fight
  2. to fight

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. fighting, battle

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chiến, xuyến, chuyến)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.