Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+6230, 戰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6230

[U+622F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6231]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 62 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口十戈 (RJI), four-corner 63550, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 414, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11667
  • Dae Jaweon: page 757, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1412, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6230

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 𢧐 (non-standard simplified form, 單 → 单)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
戰-bronze.svg 戰-bigseal.svg 戰-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*tʰaːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjans): phonetic (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans) + semantic (halberd) – battling with a halberd.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiéng - vernacular (“to fight”);
  • ciéng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cianH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhàn zhàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyenH › ‹ tsyenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tar-s/ /*tar-s/
English to fear battle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2019
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fight
  2. war; battle; fight
  3. to tremble; to shiver

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. fighting, battle

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chiến, xuyến, chuyến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.