Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+6230, 戰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6230

[U+622F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6231]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 62 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口十戈 (RJI), four-corner 63550, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 414, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11667
  • Dae Jaweon: page 757, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1412, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6230

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 𢧐 (non-standard simplified form, 單 → 单)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Qin bamboo and wooden slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
戰-bronze-warring.svg 戰-silk.svg 戰-slip.svg 戰-seal.svg 戰-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*tʰaːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjans): phonetic  (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans) + semantic  (halberd) – battling with a halberd.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiéng - vernacular (“to fight”);
  • ciéng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cianH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhàn zhàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyenH › ‹ tsyenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tar-s/ /*tar-s/
English to fear battle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2019
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fight
  2. war; battle; fight
  3. to tremble; to shiver

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. fighting, battle

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn, Yale cen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chiến, xuyến, chuyến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.