Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+6BB7, 殷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6BB7

[U+6BB6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6BB8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 79, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸竹弓水 (HSHNE), four-corner 27247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 585, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16627
  • Dae Jaweon: page 977, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2156, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6BB7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qrɯːn, *qɯn
*qɯn
*qɯn
*qɯnʔ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: irn - Quanzhou.
Note:
  • hng1 - Chaozhou;
  • heng1 - Shantou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (57)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiən/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yīn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4 3/4 4/4
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yīn yīn yīn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjɨn › ‹ ʔjɨn › ‹ ʔjɨn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔə[r]/ /*ʔə[r]/ /*ʔər/
    English 殷殷 distressed ample, many (dynastic name)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15232
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (~朝) Late Shang Dynasty
    2. (by extension) (~朝) Alternative name for (shāng, “Shang Dynasty”).
    3. A surname​.
    4. many; great
    5. abundant; flourishing
    See also[edit]
    Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
    Name Time period Divisions
    Xia
    (~朝, ~代)
    2070 – 1600 BCE
    Shang
    (~朝, ~代)
    (~朝, ~代)
    1600 – 1046 BCE
    Zhou
    (~朝, ~代)
    1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
    西周
    Eastern Zhou
    東周东周
    Spring and Autumn period
    春秋
    Warring States period
    戰國战国
    Qin
    (~朝, ~代)
    221 – 206 BCE
    Han
    (~朝, ~代)
    206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
    西漢西汉
    Xin
    (~朝)
    Eastern Han
    東漢东汉
    Three Kingdoms
    三國三国
    220 – 280 CE Wei
    Shu
    Wu
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    265 – 420 CE Western Jin
    西晉西晋
    Eastern Jin
    東晉东晋
    Southern and Northern dynasties
    南北朝
    420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
    北朝
    Northern Wei
    北魏
    Western Wei
    西魏
    Eastern Wei
    東魏东魏
    Northern Zhou
    北周
    Northern Qi
    北齊北齐
    Southern dynasties
    南朝
    Liu Song
    劉宋刘宋
    Southern Qi
    南齊南齐
    Liang
    (~朝, ~代)
    Chen
    (~朝, ~代)
    Sui
    (~朝, ~代)
    581 – 618 CE
    Tang
    (~朝, ~代)
    618 – 907 CE
    Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
    五代十國五代十国
    907 – 960 CE
    Liao
    (~朝, ~代)
    907 – 1125 CE
    Song
    (~朝, ~代)
    960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
    北宋
    Southern Song
    南宋
    Western Xia
    西夏
    1038 – 1227 CE
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    1115 – 1234 CE
    Western Liao
    西遼西辽
    1124 – 1218 CE
    Yuan
    (~朝, ~代)
    1271 – 1368 CE
    Ming
    (~朝, ~代)
    1368 – 1644 CE
    Qing
    (~朝, ~代)
    1636 – 1912 CE

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠɛn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚæn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /æn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔăn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔɛn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˁrə[r]/
    English dark-red

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 15231
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qrɯːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. blood red; deep red

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sound of thunder
    2. to shake; to tremble

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): いん (in); あん (an)
    • Kun: さかん (sakan, 殷ん)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eun, an) (hangeul , , revised eun, an, McCune–Reischauer ŭn, an, Yale un, an)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.