Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+8EAB, 身
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8EAB

[U+8EAA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8EAC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes
Stroke order
身-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 158, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹X竹 (HXH), four-corner 27400)

  1. Kangxi radical #158, .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1237, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1709, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3807, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8EAB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
身-bronze.svg 身-seal.svg 身-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形): from a pictograph of a pregnant woman.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • sian - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ʂən²¹/
    /sən²¹/
    Jinan /ʂẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʃə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂən²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʂẽ²¹/
    Xining /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʂɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂən³¹/
    Hefei /ʂən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʂəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sen³³/
    Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /ɕian¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂən³³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sən⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ʃen²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn⁵³/
    Nanning /sɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin⁵⁵/
    /sian⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjen/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕin/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*n̥i[ŋ]/
    English body; self

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11247
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰjin/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) body
    2. (figuratively) body; main part
    3. pregnancy
    4. oneself
    5. in person; personally
    6. I; me
    7. life; one's (entire) life
    8. social status
    9. moral character
    10. Classifier for suits of clothes.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 身毒 (Juāndú).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. body
    2. identity

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Cognate with (mi, seed, fruit, offspring).[1]

    Standalone form of mu below. May derive as mu + (i, emphatic nominative particle). See also the etymology of (kami, kamu).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (mi

    1. a body; (by extension):
      1. the main part of something
      2. the blade of a sword
      3. oneself
      4. one's position, one's social standing or circumstances
      5. meat, flesh
      6. wood (emphasis on the inside, as opposed to the bark)

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Bound form of mi above, only found in compounds.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (mu

    1. (only in compounds) a body
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    むくろ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Compound of (mu, body, bound form of standalone mi) +‎ くろ (kuro). The derivation of the kuro element is uncertain, but it might be an alteration or ancient form of (kara, trunk, main part).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (むくろ) (mukuro

    1. a living body
      • 720, 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki, “Chronicles of Japan”), Volume 7, in the section on 景行天皇 (Keikō-tennō, Emperor Keikō):
        長大
        (ひと)となり、むくろ(たか)(おお)きにして
        hitotonari, mukuro takaku ōki ni shite
        His personality and body were lofty and great
    2. a dead body, a corpse
      • 14th century, 太平記 (Taiheiki):
        御首(おんくび)敷皮(しきかは)(うえ)()ちて(むくろ)(なほ)()せるが(ごと)
        onkubi wa shikikawa no ue ni ochite mukuro wa naozaseru ga gotoshi
        The head fell onto the hide rug, and the corpse looked as if it were sitting straight...
    3. a rotten tree trunk

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (syin, body, self).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (しん) (shin

    1. a body
    Usage notes[edit]

    Seldom used on its own. In isolation, the reading mi is much more common.

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (mom sin))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thân)

    Sino-Vietnamese word from 身 (“body”)