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U+6A6B, 橫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A6B

[U+6A6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A6C]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木廿一金 (DTMC) or X木廿一金 (XDTMC), four-corner 44986, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 555, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 944, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 2, page 1288, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A6B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
橫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaːŋʔ, *qʰʷaːŋ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰʷaːŋs, *qʰʷaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*ɡʷlaːŋs, *kʰʷaːɡ
*qʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaŋʔ, *kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*qʰʷraːŋ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs): semantic (wood) + phonetic (OC *ɡʷaːŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huan3 - vernacular;
  • hun2 - literary.
Note:
  • hoâiⁿ/hûiⁿ/hôaⁿ - vernacular;
  • hêng/hn̂g - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 橫 (豎) 橫 (蠻)
Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ³⁵/ /xəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /xəŋ²⁴/ /xəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /xəŋ⁴⁵/ /xəŋ⁵³/
Jinan /xəŋ²¹/ /xəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/ /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xəŋ³¹²/ /xəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /xuŋ⁴⁴/ /xuŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/ /xuə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
/xəŋ⁵³/
/xuŋ¹³/
/xəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /xũn¹³/ /xũn¹³/
Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁵¹/
/xuŋ²¹³/
/xɤŋ⁵¹/
/xuŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /xuən²¹³/ /xuən²¹³/
Chengdu /xuən³¹/ /xuən³¹/
Guiyang /xuan²¹/
/xen²¹/
/xuen²¹/
Kunming /xuə̃³¹/ /xuə̃¹/
Nanjing /xun²⁴/ /xən⁴⁴/
Hefei /xʊ̃⁵⁵/ /xən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ¹¹/ /xəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xəŋ¹³/
/ɕye̞¹³/
/xəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /xə̃ŋ³¹/ /xə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuɑ̃²³/ /ɦuɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦuã¹³/ /ɦuã³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦuɑŋ²¹³/ /ʔuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /viɛ³¹/ /viɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/ /uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uɛ⁴⁴/ /xuɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fən¹³/
/uan¹¹/
/fən¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸən¹²/ /ɸən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uɑŋ⁴⁵/
/fɛn⁴⁵/ ~峰縣
/fɛn²¹/ ~財
Hakka Meixian /vaŋ¹¹/ /vaŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /vɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /waŋ²¹/ /waŋ²²/
/waŋ²¹/
Nanning /waŋ²¹/ /waŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /waŋ²¹/ /waŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ³⁵/
/huãi³⁵/
/hiŋ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/ /haiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ³³/ /xuaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huẽ⁵⁵/ /huẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/
/hue³¹/
/hɔŋ⁵⁵/
/hue³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (28) (33) (33)
Final () (102) (110) (110)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed
Division () I II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwɑŋ/ /ɦˠwæŋ/ /ɦˠwæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑŋ/ /ɦʷᵚaŋ/ /ɦʷᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑŋ/ /ɣuaŋ/ /ɣuaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaŋ/ /ɦwaɨjŋ/ /ɦwaɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑŋ/ /ɣuɐŋ/ /ɣuɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑŋ/ /ɣwɐŋ/ /ɣwɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwɑŋ/ /ɣwɐŋ/ /ɣwɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guāng hóng hòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
héng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɡʷˤraŋ/
English crosswise; horizontal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5399 5402
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːŋ/ /*ɡʷraːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. across, horizontal, lateral (horizontal character stroke)
  2. to move crosswise; transverse
  3. unrestrainedly; turbulently
  4. A surname​.
  5. (Chinese calligraphy) a horizontal stroke ()

Antonyms[edit]

  • (lateral): (zòng, “vertical”)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. sideways, horizontal

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hoeng) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoành, hoàng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.