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See also:
U+6A6B, 橫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A6B

[U+6A6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A6C]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木廿一金 (DTMC) or X木廿一金 (XDTMC), four-corner 44986, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 555, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 944, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 2, page 1288, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A6B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
橫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaːŋʔ, *qʰʷaːŋ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰʷaːŋs, *qʰʷaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*ɡʷlaːŋs, *kʰʷaːɡ
*qʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaŋʔ, *kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs, *kʷaːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*qʰʷraːŋ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs, *kʷaːŋ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷaːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

“crosswise > door rail; side; cross-grained; unrestrained”

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • huan3 - vernacular;
  • hun2 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • hèng - used in idioms for the sense “unrestrained; reckless”.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hoâiⁿ/hûiⁿ/hôaⁿ - vernacular;
    • hêng/hn̂g - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note: 1uan - variant.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 橫 (豎)
    Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /xəŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xəŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /xəŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /xuŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
    /xəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁵¹/
    /xuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuən²¹³/
    Chengdu /xuən³¹/
    Guiyang /xuan²¹/
    /xen²¹/
    Kunming /xuə̃³¹/
    Nanjing /xun²⁴/
    Hefei /xʊ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /xəŋ¹³/
    /ɕye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /xə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦuɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /ɦuã¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦuɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /viɛ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fən¹³/
    /uan¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ɸən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /uɑŋ⁴⁵/
    /fɛn⁴⁵/ ~峰縣
    Hakka Meixian /vaŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /vɑŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /waŋ²¹/
    Nanning /waŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /waŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ³⁵/
    /huãi³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huẽ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/
    /hue³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (110)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠwæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    héng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwæng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ɡʷˁraŋ/
    English crosswise; horizontal

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 5399
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷraːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. middle rail of a wooden door; crosspiece
    2. to lie crossways; to be situated crosswise; to be horizontal
    3. to move crosswise; to cross; to traverse; to stretch across
    4. to cut crosswise; to intercept transversely
    5. to hold crosswise; to put something horizontally; to wear across
    6. crosswise; horizontal; transverse; across; east-west
    7. (historical) Horizontal Alliance, i.e. states during the Warring States period in Chinese history which ally with Qin to participate in its ascendancy
    8. side; nearby; something situated sideways
    9. to cast a sidelong glance at; to look sideways
    10. to brim with; to be brimming with; to fill; to be found all over
    11. to place over; to cover
    12. broad; vast; wide; extensive
    13. to crisscross; to interlock; to intersect; to be mixed together
    14. not listening to reason; unreasonable; unrestrained; outrageous
    15. (Chinese calligraphy) horizontal stroke ()
    16. (historical) Alternative form of (héng, “supervisor; picket”).
    17. (historical) Alternative form of (hóng, “school”).
    18. ancient placename in modern-day Shangqiu city in Henan province of China
    19. (Beijing Mandarin, Jilu Mandarin) probably; presumably; perhaps; maybe
    20. (Beijing Mandarin, dialectal Wu) anyway; anyhow; in any case
    21. A surname​.
    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 橫 (蠻)
    Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /xəŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /xəŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /xəŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /xuŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /xuə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /xuŋ¹³/
    /xəŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /xũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁵¹/
    /xuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuən²¹³/
    Chengdu /xuən³¹/
    Guiyang /xuen²¹/
    Kunming /xuə̃¹/
    Nanjing /xən⁴⁴/
    Hefei /xən⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xəŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /xə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦuɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /ɦuã³¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔuɑŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /viɛ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /xuɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fən¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɸən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /fɛn²¹/ ~財
    Hakka Meixian /vaŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /waŋ²²/
    /waŋ²¹/
    Nanning /waŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /waŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /haiŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huẽ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /hue³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (110)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠwæŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚaŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuaŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwaɨjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɐŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwɐŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwɐŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hòng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 5402
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷraːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. perverse and violent; unrestrained and aggressive; brutal and unreasonable; cross-grained
    2. unrestrainedly; turbulently; intrusively and violently
    3. in vain; wastefully
    4. sudden (and catastrophic); unexpected; unpredicted
    5. additional; supplementary; extra; extraneous
    6. contingency; mishap; misfortune; accident

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (102)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kwɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guāng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 5366
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷaːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (guāng, “light”).
    2. (~門) (historical) a gate of Chang'an City

    Pronunciation 4[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (guāng, “reel thread on a revolving frame”).

    Pronunciation 5[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (“a kind of grass”).

    Pronunciation 6[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (“a kind of tool”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hoeng) (hangeul )

    1. across
    2. horizontal, lateral

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hoành, hoàng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.