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U+6A6B, 橫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A6B

[U+6A6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A6C]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木廿一金 (DTMC) or X木廿一金 (XDTMC), four-corner 44986, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 555, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 944, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 2, page 1288, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A6B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
橫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaːŋʔ, *qʰʷaːŋ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰʷaːŋs, *qʰʷaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*ɡʷlaːŋs, *kʰʷaːɡ
*qʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaŋʔ, *kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*qʰʷraːŋ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷaːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

“crosswise > door rail; side; cross-grained; unrestrained”

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • huan3 - vernacular;
  • hun2 - literary.
Note:
  • hèng - used in idioms for the sense “unrestrained; reckless”.
Note:
  • hoâiⁿ/hûiⁿ/hôaⁿ - vernacular;
  • hêng/hn̂g - literary.
Note: 1uan - variant.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 橫 (豎)
Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /xuŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
/xəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xũn¹³/
Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁵¹/
/xuŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /xuən²¹³/
Chengdu /xuən³¹/
Guiyang /xuan²¹/
/xen²¹/
Kunming /xuə̃³¹/
Nanjing /xun²⁴/
Hefei /xʊ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xəŋ¹³/
/ɕye̞¹³/
Hohhot /xə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦuã¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦuɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /viɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fən¹³/
/uan¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɸən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uɑŋ⁴⁵/
/fɛn⁴⁵/ ~峰縣
Hakka Meixian /vaŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /vɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /waŋ²¹/
Nanning /waŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /waŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ³⁵/
/huãi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/
/hue³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (110)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣwɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
héng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɡʷˤraŋ/
English crosswise; horizontal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 5399
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. middle rail of a wooden door; crosspiece
  2. to lie crossways; to be situated crosswise; to be horizontal
  3. to move crosswise; to cross; to traverse; to stretch across
  4. to cut crosswise; to intercept transversely
  5. to hold crosswise; to put something horizontally; to wear across
  6. crosswise; horizontal; transverse; across; east-west
  7. (historical) Horizontal Alliance, i.e. states during the Warring States period in Chinese history which ally with Qin to participate in its ascendancy
  8. side; nearby; something situated sideways
  9. to cast a sidelong glance at; to look sideways
  10. to brim with; to be brimming with; to fill; to be found all over
  11. to place over; to cover
  12. broad; vast; wide; extensive
  13. to crisscross; to interlock; to intersect; to be mixed together
  14. not listening to reason; unreasonable; unrestrained; outrageous
  15. (Chinese calligraphy) horizontal stroke ()
  16. (historical) Alternative form of (héng, “supervisor; picket”).
  17. (historical) Alternative form of (hóng, “school”).
  18. ancient placename in modern-day Shangqiu city in Henan province of China
  19. (Beijing Mandarin, Jilu Mandarin) probably; presumably; perhaps; maybe
  20. (Beijing Mandarin, dialectal Wu) anyway; anyhow; in any case
  21. A surname​.
Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 橫 (蠻)
Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /xəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /xəŋ⁵³/
Jinan /xəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /xuŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /xuə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /xuŋ¹³/
/xəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /xũn¹³/
Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁵¹/
/xuŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /xuən²¹³/
Chengdu /xuən³¹/
Guiyang /xuen²¹/
Kunming /xuə̃¹/
Nanjing /xən⁴⁴/
Hefei /xən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /xə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦuã³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /viɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xuɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fən¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /fɛn²¹/ ~財
Hakka Meixian /vaŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /waŋ²²/
/waŋ²¹/
Nanning /waŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /waŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /haiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
/hue³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (110)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣwɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hòng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 5402
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. perverse and violent; unrestrained and aggressive; brutal and unreasonable; cross-grained
  2. unrestrainedly; turbulently; intrusively and violently
  3. in vain; wastefully
  4. sudden (and catastrophic); unexpected; unpredicted
  5. additional; supplementary; extra; extraneous
  6. contingency; mishap; misfortune; accident

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (102)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guāng

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (guāng, “light”).
  2. (~門) (historical) a gate of Chang'an City

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (guāng, “reel thread on a revolving frame”).

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (“a kind of grass”).

Pronunciation 6[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (“a kind of tool”).

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hoeng) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoành, hoàng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.