gate

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Gate, GATE, gâte, gatë, gåte, gatě, -gate, and gâté

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

A gate.
  • IPA(key): /ɡeɪt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English gate, gat, ȝate, ȝeat, from Old English ġeat (gate), from Proto-West Germanic *gat, from Proto-Germanic *gatą (hole, opening).

See also Old Norse gat, Swedish and Dutch gat, Low German Gaat, Gööt.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • yate (obsolete or dialectal)

Noun[edit]

gate (plural gates)

  1. A doorlike structure outside a house.
  2. Doorway, opening, or passage in a fence or wall.
  3. Movable barrier.
    The gate in front of the railroad crossing went up after the train had passed.
  4. Passageway (as in an air terminal) where passengers can embark or disembark.
  5. A location which serves as a conduit for transport, migration, or trade.
    • 1887, Harriet W. Daly, Digging, Squatting, and Pioneering Life in the Northern Territory of South Australia, page 246:
      Lyons and Fisher's stations, who have spared nothing to ensure a success on this point, there is every reason to believe that the Northern Territory will soon be able to make a proper use of her geographical position, and become the gate of the East for all the Australian colonies.
  6. The amount of money made by selling tickets to a concert or a sports event.
  7. (computing) A logical pathway made up of switches which turn on or off. Examples are and, or, nand, etc.
  8. (electronics) The controlling terminal of a field effect transistor (FET).
  9. In a lock tumbler, the opening for the stump of the bolt to pass through or into.
  10. (metalworking) The channel or opening through which metal is poured into the mould; the ingate.
  11. The waste piece of metal cast in the opening; a sprue or sullage piece. Also written geat and git.
  12. (cricket) The gap between a batsman's bat and pad.
    Singh was bowled through the gate, a very disappointing way for a world-class batsman to get out.
  13. (cinematography) A mechanism, in a film camera and projector, that holds each frame momentarily stationary behind the aperture.
  14. (flow cytometry) A line that separates particle type-clusters on two-dimensional dot plots.
  15. A tally mark consisting of four vertical bars crossed by a diagonal, representing a count of five.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

gate (third-person singular simple present gates, present participle gating, simple past and past participle gated)

  1. (transitive) To keep something inside by means of a closed gate.
  2. (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by not allowing them to go out.
    Synonym: ground
    • 1971, E. M. Forster, Maurice, Penguin, 1972, Chapter 13, p. 72,[1]
      “I’ve missed two lectures already,” remarked Maurice, who was breakfasting in his pyjamas.
      “Cut them all — he’ll only gate you.”
  3. (transitive, biochemistry) To open a closed ion channel.[1]
  4. (transitive) To furnish with a gate.
  5. (transitive) To turn (an image intensifier) on and off selectively as needed, or to avoid damage from excessive light exposure. See autogating.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old Norse gata, from Proto-Germanic *gatwǭ. Cognate with Danish gade, Swedish gata, German Gasse (lane). Doublet of gait.

Noun[edit]

gate (plural gates)

  1. (now Scotland, Northern England) A way, path.
  2. (obsolete) A journey.
  3. (Scotland, Northern England) A street; now used especially as a combining form to make the name of a street e.g. "Briggate" (a common street name in the north of England meaning "Bridge Street") or Kirkgate meaning "Church Street".
  4. (Britain, Scotland, dialect, archaic) Manner; gait.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alberts, Bruce; et al. "Figure 11-21: The gating of ion channels." In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ed. Senior, Sarah Gibbs. New York: Garland Science, 2002 [cited 18 December 2009]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=mboc4&part=A1986&rendertype=figure&id=A2030.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

gate

  1. plural of gat

Anjam[edit]

Noun[edit]

gate

  1. head

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English gate.

Noun[edit]

gate m (plural gates, diminutive gatetje n)

  1. airport gate

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English Watergate.

Noun[edit]

gate m (plural gates, diminutive gatetje n)

  1. (in compounds) scandal

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French gâter (to spoil).

Verb[edit]

gate

  1. spoil

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English gate.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gate

  1. gate
  2. entrance door

Etymology 2[edit]

From French gâté (“pampered”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gate

  1. darling, sweetheart
    Synonym: cheri

Adjective[edit]

gate

  1. spoilt
  2. stale, expired

Etymology 3[edit]

From French gâter.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gate (medial form gat)


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English ġeat, ġet, gat, from Proto-West Germanic *gat, from Proto-Germanic *gatą.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡaːt/, /ɡat/, /jɛt/, /jat/, /jaːt/

Noun[edit]

gate (plural gates or gaten or gate)

  1. An entryway or entrance to a settlement or building; a gateway.
  2. A gate (door barring an entrance or gap in a fence)
    • a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “2 Paralipomenon 6:28”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
      If hungur riſiþ in þe lond and peſtilence and ruſt and wynd diſtriynge cornes and a locuste and bꝛuke comeþ and if enemyes biſegen þe ȝatis of þe citee aftir þat þe cuntreis ben diſtried and al veniaunce and ſikenesse oppꝛeſſiþ []
      If hunger rises in the land, and pestilence, rust, wind, destroying grain, and locusts and their young come, and if enemies besiege a city's gates after the city's surrounds are ruined, and when any destruction and disease oppresses (people) []
  3. (figuratively) A method or way of doing something or getting somewhere.
  4. (figuratively) Any kind of entrance or entryway; e.g. a crossing through mountains.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse gata, from Proto-Germanic *gatwǭ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡaːt(ə)/, /ˈɡat(ə)/

Noun[edit]

gate (plural gates)

  1. A way, path or avenue; a trail or route.
  2. A voyage, adventure or leaving; one's course on the road.
  3. The way which one acts; one's mode of behaviour:
    1. A way or procedure for doing something; a method.
    2. A moral or religious path; the course of one's life.
    3. (Late Middle English) One's lifestyle or demeanour; the way one chooses to act.
    4. (Late Middle English) Gait; the way one walks.
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Nias[edit]

Noun[edit]

gate

  1. mutated form of ate (liver)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gata.

Noun[edit]

gate f or m (definite singular gata or gaten, indefinite plural gater, definite plural gatene)

  1. a street

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gata.

Noun[edit]

gate f (definite singular gata, indefinite plural gater, definite plural gatene)

  1. a street

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gate

  1. locative singular masculine/neuter & accusative plural masculine & vocative singular feminine of gata, which is past participle of gacchati (to go)

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English gate.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gate m (plural gates)

  1. (electronics) gate (circuit that implements a logical operation)
    Synonym: (more common) porta

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

gate m (plural gates)

  1. (India) mountain
    Synonyms: monte, montanha

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

gate

  1. inflection of gatar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Norse gata.

Noun[edit]

gate (plural gates)

  1. street, way, road, path

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Halmahera *gate ("liver"). Compare Tidore gate.

Noun[edit]

gate

  1. liver
  2. heart

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh
  • Gary Holton, Marian Klamer (2018) The Papuan languages of East Nusantara and the Bird's Head[2]