ruin

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ruin, rùin, and rúin

English[edit]

Ruins at Delphi in Greece

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English ruine, from Old French ruine, from Latin ruīna (overthrow, ruin), from ruō (I fall down, tumble, sink in ruin, rush).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruin (countable and uncountable, plural ruins)

  1. (countable, sometimes in the plural) The remains of a destroyed or dilapidated construction, such as a house or castle.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Joseph Addison
      The Veian and the Gabian towers shall fall, / And one promiscuous ruin cover all; / Nor, after length of years, a stone betray / The place where once the very ruins lay.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Joseph Stevens Buckminster
      The labour of a day will not build up a virtuous habit on the ruins of an old and vicious character.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess[1]:
      A canister of flour from the kitchen had been thrown at the looking-glass and lay like trampled snow over the remains of a decent blue suit with the lining ripped out which lay on top of the ruin of a plastic wardrobe.
  2. (uncountable) The state of being a ruin, destroyed or decayed.
    The monastery has fallen into ruin.
  3. (uncountable) Something that leads to serious trouble or destruction.
    Gambling has been the ruin of many.
  4. (obsolete) A fall or tumble.
  5. A change that destroys or defeats something; destruction; overthrow.
    the ruin of a ship or an army;  the ruin of a constitution or a government;the ruin of health or hopes
  6. (uncountable) Complete financial loss; bankruptcy.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ruin (third-person singular simple present ruins, present participle ruining, simple past and past participle ruined)

  1. (transitive) to cause the fiscal ruin of.
    With all these purchases, you surely mean to ruin us!
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      In one way, indeed, he bade fair to ruin us; for he kept on staying week after week, and at last month after month, so that all the money had been long exhausted...
  2. To destroy or make something no longer usable.
    He ruined his new white slacks by accidentally spilling oil on them.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Longfellow
      By the fireside there are old men seated, / Seeling ruined cities in the ashes.
  3. To cause severe financial loss to; to bankrupt or drive out of business.
    The crooked stockbroker's fraudulent scheme ruined dozens of victims; some investors lost their life savings and even their houses.
  4. To upset or mess up the plans or progress of, or to put into disarray; to spoil.
    My car breaking down just as I was on the road ruined my vacation.
  5. (obsolete) To fall into a state of destruction.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Sandys
      Though he his house of polisht marble build, / Yet shall it ruine like the Moth's fraile cell

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ruin m sg (feminine singular ruina, neuter singular ruino, masculine plural ruinos, feminine plural ruines)

  1. weedy

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch ruun. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruin m (plural ruinen, diminutive ruintje n)

  1. gelding

See also[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ruina

Noun[edit]

ruin m (definite singular ruinen, indefinite plural ruiner, definite plural ruinene)

  1. ruin (often in plural form when referring to buildings)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ruina

Noun[edit]

ruin m (definite singular ruinen, indefinite plural ruinar, definite plural ruinane)

  1. ruin (often in plural form when referring to buildings)

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ruina

Adjective[edit]

ruin (plural ruines)

  1. contemptible, mean, heartless
  2. mean, stingy

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruin c

  1. a ruin (remains of a building)
  2. ruin (financial bankruptcy)

Declension[edit]

Declension of ruin 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ruin ruinen ruiner ruinerna
Genitive ruins ruinens ruiners ruinernas

Related terms[edit]