vil

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: vi-l and víl

Cimbrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vil, from Old High German filu, from Proto-Germanic *felu. Cognate with German viel, Dutch veel, English fele, Icelandic fjöl-.

Adjective[edit]

vil

  1. (Luserna) much, many

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “vil” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vil f

  1. genitive plural of vila

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. present of ville
  2. imperative of ville

Faroese[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  • 1st and 3rd person singular present of vilja
  1. I will, wish, persist, intend to
  2. he, she, it wills, wishes, persists, intends to

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of vilja (irregular)
infinitive vilja
supine vilað
participle — —
present past
first singular vil vildi
second singular vilt vildi
third singular vil vildi
plural vilja vildu
imperative
singular —!
plural —!

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vīlis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vil (feminine singular vile, masculine plural vils, feminine plural viles)

  1. cheap, worthless
  2. vile (morally low)
    • 1992, Nothomb, Amélie, Hygiène de l’assassin [The Assassin’s Hygiene] (fiction):
      Cessez de blasphémer, vile créature ! Apprenez, ignorante, que saint Prétextat était archevêque de Rouen au VIe siècle, et grand ami de Grégoire de Tours, qui était un homme très bien, dont vous n’avez naturellement jamais entendu parler.
      Stop blaspheming, you vile creature! You’d better learn, ignorant woman, that Saint Praetextatus was Archbishop of Rouen in the 6th century, and a friend of Gregory of Tours, who was a very good man, which you, unsurprisingly, never heard of.

Further reading[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French ville.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vil

  1. city
    • 2019 March 19, “Rankont ann Itali ant Anvwaye Espesyal Etazini ak Larisi sou Kriz Venezuela a”, in Lavwadlamerik[1]:
      Anvwaye espesyal Etazini pou Venezuela, Elliot Abrams, ak vis-minis afè etranjè Larisi, Sergei Ryabkov, ap fè reyinyon nan vil Wòm ann Itali pou yo pale sou “sityasyon Venezuela kap agrave.”
      American Special Envoy for Venezuela Elliot Abrams and Russian Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Ryabkov are having a meeting in the city of Rome, Italy to speak about "the worsening situation in Venezuela."

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vilu.

Adjective[edit]

vil

  1. cool

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. present of ville

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. present tense of vilja and vilje

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vilis.

Noun[edit]

vil m (oblique and nominative feminine singular vil or vile)

  1. horrible; vile; awful
  2. low; base

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: vile

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese vil, from Latin vīlis (cheap; vile).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /ˈviw/, [ˈviʊ̯]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˈvil/, [ˈviɫ]

Adjective[edit]

vil m or f (plural vis, comparable)

  1. mean; vile (morally low)
    Synonyms: abjeto, baixo, desprezível, indigno, maldoso, malvado, mau, sórdido
  2. cheap; worthless
    Synonyms: acessível, barato, reles

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • vil” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vīlis (cheap; vile).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vil (plural viles)

  1. mean, despicable, vile

Related terms[edit]


Tzotzil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. (intransitive) to fly

References[edit]