vil

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See also: vi-l, víl, and vil.

Cimbrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vil, from Old High German filu, from Proto-Germanic *felu. Cognate with German viel, Dutch veel, English fele, Icelandic fjöl-.

Adjective[edit]

vil

  1. (Luserna) much, many

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

vil f

  1. genitive plural of vila

Etymology 2[edit]

Participle[edit]

vil

  1. masculine singular past active participle of vít

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. present of ville
  2. imperative of ville

Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese vĩir. Compare Portuguese vir and Galician vir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. to come

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[1], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Faroese[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. first/third-person singular present of vilja

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vīlis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vil (feminine vile, masculine plural vils, feminine plural viles)

  1. cheap, worthless
  2. vile (morally low)
    • 1992, Amélie Nothomb, Hygiène de l’assassin (fiction):
      Cessez de blasphémer, vile créature ! Apprenez, ignorante, que saint Prétextat était archevêque de Rouen au VIe siècle, et grand ami de Grégoire de Tours, qui était un homme très bien, dont vous n’avez naturellement jamais entendu parler.
      Stop blaspheming, you vile creature! You’d better learn, ignorant woman, that Saint Praetextatus was Archbishop of Rouen in the 6th century, and a friend of Gregory of Tours, who was a very good man, which you, unsurprisingly, never heard of.

Further reading[edit]

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French ville.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vil

  1. city
    • 2019 March 19, “Rankont ann Itali ant Anvwaye Espesyal Etazini ak Larisi sou Kriz Venezuela a”, in Lavwadlamerik[2]:
      Anvwaye espesyal Etazini pou Venezuela, Elliot Abrams, ak vis-minis afè etranjè Larisi, Sergei Ryabkov, ap fè reyinyon nan vil Wòm ann Itali pou yo pale sou “sityasyon Venezuela kap agrave.”
      American Special Envoy for Venezuela Elliot Abrams and Russian Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Ryabkov are having a meeting in the city of Rome, Italy to speak about "the worsening situation in Venezuela."

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vilu.

Adjective[edit]

vil

  1. cool

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. present of ville

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. present of vilja

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vilis.

Noun[edit]

vil m (oblique and nominative feminine singular vil or vile)

  1. horrible; vile; awful
  2. low; base

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: vile

Old Norse[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. first-person singular present active indicative of vilja

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese vil, from Latin vīlis (cheap; vile).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

vil m or f (plural vis)

  1. mean; vile (morally low)
    Synonyms: abjeto, baixo, desprezível, indigno, maldoso, malvado, mau, sórdido
    Antonyms: bom, digno, nobre
  2. cheap; worthless
    Synonyms: acessível, barato, reles
    Antonyms: caro, custoso

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French vil.

Adjective[edit]

vil m or n (feminine singular vilă, masculine plural vili, feminine and neuter plural vile)

  1. cheap, worthless
  2. vile

Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin vīlis (cheap; vile).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbil/ [ˈbil]
  • Rhymes: -il
  • Syllabification: vil

Adjective[edit]

vil m or f (masculine and feminine plural viles)

  1. mean, despicable, vile

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Tzotzil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vil

  1. (intransitive) to fly

References[edit]