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See also: Vilis



From Proto-Indo-European *wes-li-, a deverbal adjective with passive meaning ("which can be bought"), from the root of venus ‎(sale).



vīlis m, f ‎(neuter vīle); third declension

  1. cheap, inexpensive
  2. base, vile, mean, worthless, cheap


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative vīlis vīle vīlēs vīlia
genitive vīlis vīlium
dative vīlī vīlibus
accusative vīlem vīle vīlēs vīlia
ablative vīlī vīlibus
vocative vīlis vīle vīlēs vīlia

Derived terms[edit]



  • vilis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vilis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vilis” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to buy cheaply: parvo, vili pretio or bene emere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill