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See also: Vilis



From Proto-Italic *weslis, from Proto-Indo-European *weslis, a deverbal adjective with passive meaning ("which can be bought"), from the root of venus (sale).



vīlis (neuter vīle, comparative vīlior, superlative vīlissimus); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. cheap, inexpensive
    Antonyms: pretiōsus, cārus, impēnsus, dīves, antīquus
  2. base, vile, mean, worthless, cheap, paltry
    Synonyms: inānis, miser


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative vīlis vīle vīlēs vīlia
Genitive vīlis vīlium
Dative vīlī vīlibus
Accusative vīlem vīle vīlēs
Ablative vīlī vīlibus
Vocative vīlis vīle vīlēs vīlia

Derived terms[edit]


  • Catalan: vil
  • English: vile
  • French: vil, vile
  • Friulian: vîl
  • Italian: vile
  • Piedmontese: vil
  • Portuguese: vil
  • Romanian: vil
  • Sicilian: vili
  • Spanish: vil


  • vilis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vilis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vilis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to buy cheaply: parvo, vili pretio or bene emere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[2], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN