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inānis m, f ‎(neuter ināne); third declension

  1. empty, void, hollow
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2
      terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  2. vain
  3. worthless
  4. foolish, inane


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative inānis ināne inānēs inānia
genitive inānis inānium
dative inānī inānibus
accusative inānem ināne inānēs inānia
ablative inānī inānibus
vocative inānis ināne inānēs inānia

Derived terms[edit]


  • inanis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • inanis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • inanis” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lose one's labour: inanem laborem suscipere
    • (ambiguous) rich in ideas: sententiis abundans or creber (opp. sententiis inanis)
    • (ambiguous) mere words; empty sound: inanis verborum sonitus
    • (ambiguous) senseless rant: inanium verborum flumen
    • (ambiguous) to be misled by a vain hope: inani, falsa spe duci, induci
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill