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From Proto-Italic *plēnos, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full). Cognates include Ancient Greek πλήρης (plḗrēs) and πλέως (pléōs), Sanskrit पूर्ण (pūrṇa), Old English full (English full), Persian پر (por), Old Irish lán, Old Church Slavonic пльнъ (plĭnŭ), Lithuanian pilnas.



plēnus (feminine plēna, neuter plēnum); first/second declension

  1. (with genitive, or ablative in later Latin) full (of), filled, plump
  2. satisfied


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative plēnus plēna plēnum plēnī plēnae plēna
genitive plēnī plēnae plēnī plēnōrum plēnārum plēnōrum
dative plēnō plēnō plēnīs
accusative plēnum plēnam plēnum plēnōs plēnās plēna
ablative plēnō plēnā plēnō plēnīs
vocative plēne plēna plēnum plēnī plēnae plēna

comparative: plēnior, superlative: plēnissimus.


Related terms[edit]



  • plenus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plenus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plenus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • plenus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a very charming book: liber plenus delectationis
    • a most courteous letter: litterae officii or humanitatis plenae