yen

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See also: Yen, yên, yến, yeñ, and yeŋ

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

1000, 5000, and 10,000-yen notes
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From Medhurst[1] and Hepburn's romanizations,[2] under the influence of earlier Portuguese romanizations, of Japanese (round; round object; coin, esp. silver dollars) as ye or yen, now (en), from Chinese 銀圓(yínyuán, silver round object(s), esp. Mexican silver dollars).[3] Cognate with Chinese (yuán, monetary unit, esp. RMB) and Korean (won, North or South Korean won).

Noun[edit]

yen (plural yen)

  1. The unit of Japanese currency (symbol: ¥) since 1871, divided into 100 sen.
  2. A coin or note worth one yen.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A painting of an opium-smoker which used to hang in Ah Sing's opium den on Victoria Street in London, England.

Uncertain, but probably from Cantonese (jan5, craving) originally in reference to opium addiction, Cantonese 煙癮 or 菸癮(jin1-jan5). Compare later yen and yen-yen.[4]

Noun[edit]

yen (plural yens)

  1. A strong desire, urge, or yearning.
    humankind's yen for knowledge
    • 1934, Lew Levenson, “XX”, in Butterfly Man, page 208:
      "You for me and me for you," then hummed: "Two for tea and tea for two …" Her voice trailed off … "All I got is a yen for Diana and my sweet little cute little Zigzag."
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

yen (third-person singular simple present yens, present participle yenning, simple past and past participle yenned)

  1. To have a strong desire for.
Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Chinese or Cantonese or (yān or jin1, smoke, spec. opium). Compare earlier yen and later yen-yen.[5]

Noun[edit]

yen (plural yens)

  1. opium
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Medhurst, W.H. (1830), An English and Japanese and Japanese and English Vocabulary Compiled from Native Works. Batavia.
  2. ^ Hepburn, J.C. (1867), A Japanese and English Dictionary. Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press.
  3. ^ "Yen" in the Heibonsha World Encyclopedia, Vol. III, Tokyo: Heibonsha, 2007.
  4. ^ "yen, n.²", in the Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ "yen, n.³", in the Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese (en, yen, circle).

Noun[edit]

yen m (plural yens)

  1. yen, Japanese monetary unit and coin.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /jɛn/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: hyène (hyène can have aspirate or mute h, whereas yen is always "aspirate")

Noun[edit]

yen m (plural yens)

  1. yen (currency)

External links[edit]


Ido[edit]

Preposition[edit]

yen

  1. here is
    Ube la kafeerio esas? — Where is the café?
    Yen la kafeerio! — Here is the café.

Koko-Bera[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

yen (accusative yintéw, dative yintéw)

  1. you; second person singular pronoun, nominative case

References[edit]

  • 2008, Paul Black, Pronominal Accretions in Pama-Nyungan, in Morphology and Language History (ISBN 9027290962, edited by Claire Bowern, ‎Bethwyn Evans, ‎Luisa Miceli)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese (en)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

yen m (plural yenes)

  1. yen

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese (en)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

yen (plural yens)

  1. yen

Declension[edit]