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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金日女 (CAV), four-corner 87132, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1303, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1805, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4202, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+9280

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (銀), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語巾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɪn/ /ŋi̯ĕn/ /ŋiĕn/ /ŋin/ /ŋin/ /ŋĭĕn/ /ŋjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yín ‹ ngin › /*ŋrə[n]/ silver

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3939 1 /*ŋrɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. silver
    /   ―  báiyín  ―  platinum
  2. money, cash
    / [Cantonese]  ―  ngan4 2zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  coins

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. silver

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. May be ultimately derived from onomatopoeia カンカン ‎(kankan, clang clang), the sound of hitting metal. Compare Cantonese ‎(gam, metal, gold), Sanskrit कनक ‎(kanaka, gold, golden), possibly suggesting a common onomatopoeic derivation.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かね, romaji kane)

  1. metal
  2. money
Usage notes[edit]

In former times, silver was the basis for the Japanese economy. In modern Japanese, kane is more commonly spelled using the character for gold: . The money sense is more commonly prefixed with ‎(o-).

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of ‎(shiro, white) +‎ ‎(kane, metal). Starting from the Muromachi Period, the kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しろがね, romaji shirogane)

  1. silver
  2. silver dust mixed into glue or some other base: silver paint or lacquer
  3. silver thread
  4. silver coin
  5. the color silver
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sinitic .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぎん, romaji gin)

  1. silver (Ag)
  2. (shogi) short for 銀将 ‎(ginsho, the silver general, a shogi piece)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eun) (hangeul , revised eun, McCune-Reischauer ŭn, Yale un)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]