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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金日女 (CAV), four-corner 87132, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1303, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1805, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4202, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+9280

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrɯn): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kɯːns).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋul ~ (d-)ŋur. Cognate with Tibetan དངུལ ‎(dngul), Burmese ငွေ ‎(ngwe).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in³⁵/
Harbin /in²⁴/
Tianjin /in⁴⁵/
Jinan /iẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /iə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /in⁴²/
Xi'an /iẽ²⁴/
Xining /iə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /in²¹³/
Chengdu /in³¹/
Guiyang /in²¹/
Kunming /ĩ¹/
Nanjing /in²⁴/
Hefei /in⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ²³/
Suzhou /ȵin¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵin²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /niʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /in¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiun¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐn²¹/
Nanning /ŋɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋɯŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɣiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɯin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋien/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjin/
Li
Rong
/ŋjĕn/
Wang
Li
/ŋǐĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yín
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngin ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrə[n]/
English silver

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3939
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. silver (metal)
    /   ―  báiyín  ―  platinum
  2. silver (colour)
  3. made of silver
  4. money; cash
    / [Cantonese]  ―  ngan4-2 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  coins
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

  • Hmong-Mien: *ɲʷi̯ən ‎(silver)
    • White Hmong: nyiaj ‎(silver, money)
  • Tai:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. silver

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かね
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. May be ultimately derived from onomatopoeia カンカン ‎(kankan, clang clang), the sound of hitting metal. Compare Cantonese ‎(gam, metal, gold), Sanskrit कनक ‎(kanaka, gold, golden), possibly suggesting a common onomatopoeic derivation.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かね, romaji kane)

  1. metal
  2. money
Usage notes[edit]

In former times, silver was the basis for the Japanese economy. In modern Japanese, kane is more commonly spelled using the character for gold: . The money sense is more commonly prefixed with ‎(o-).

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しろがね
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(shiro, white) +‎ ‎(kane, metal). Starting from the Muromachi Period, the kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しろがね, romaji shirogane)

  1. silver
  2. silver dust mixed into glue or some other base: silver paint or lacquer
  3. silver thread
  4. silver coin
  5. the color silver
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぎん
Grade: 3
on'yomi
Chemical element
Ag Previous: パラジウム ‎(parajiumu) (Pd)
Next: カドミウム ‎(kadomiumu) (Cd)
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

From Sinitic .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぎん, romaji gin)

  1. silver (Ag)
  2. (shogi) short for 銀将 ‎(ginsho, the silver general, a shogi piece)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eun) (hangeul , revised eun, McCune-Reischauer ŭn, Yale un)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngân, cộng, công)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]