黄金

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Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of 黄金 – see 黃金.
(This term, 黄金, is the simplified form of 黃金.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おう
Grade: 2
ごん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

/waugon//wɔːgon//oːgon/

From Middle Chinese 黃金 ‎(hwang kim, literally yellow + metal). Compare modern Cantonese wong4 gam1.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 ‎(hiragana おうごん, romaji ōgon, historical hiragana わうごん)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. The color gold.
  3. Money, more specifically, the large 大判 ‎(ōban) gold coins formerly used in Japan.
Usage notes[edit]

The reading ōgon is the more common on'yomi for this term.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

/kwaukin//kwɔːkin//koːkin/

From Middle Chinese 黃金 ‎(hwang kim, literally yellow + metal). Compare modern Min Nan reading hông-kim.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 ‎(hiragana こうきん, romaji kōkin, historical hiragana くわうきん)

  1. Money.
  2. The metal gold (Au).
  3. The color gold.
Usage notes[edit]

The kōkin reading appears to be obsolete. The reading ōgon is the more common on'yomi for this term.

Etymology 3[edit]

Compound of ‎(ki, yellow) +‎ ‎(kane, metal).[2] The kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 ‎(hiragana きがね, romaji kigane)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. Money. In modern Japanese, often refers to the large 大判 ‎(ōban) or smaller 小判 ‎(koban) gold coins formerly used in Japan.
Usage notes[edit]

The kigane reading appears to be rare. The reading kogane is the more common kun'yomi for this term.[2][1]

Etymology 4[edit]

Variant of kigane above.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 ‎(hiragana くがね, romaji kugane)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. Money.
Usage notes[edit]

The reading kogane is the more common kun'yomi for this term.

Etymology 5[edit]

Variant of kugane above.[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 ‎(hiragana こがね, romaji kogane)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. Money.
  3. The color gold.
  4. Short for 黄金の泥 ‎(kogane no dei): powdered gold suspended in a base and used as a paint.
Usage notes[edit]

The reading kogane is the more common kun'yomi for this term.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan