黄金

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See also: 黃金

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 黃金 (“gold; money; etc.”).
(This term, 黄金, is the simplified form of 黃金.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おう
Grade: 2
こん > ごん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

/wauɡon//wɔːɡon//oːɡon/

From Middle Chinese 黃金 (MC ɦwɑŋ kˠiɪm, “yellow + metal”). Compare modern Cantonese wong4 gam1.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana おうごん, rōmaji ōgon, historical hiragana わうごん)

  1. the metal gold (Au)
  2. the color gold
  3. money, more specifically, the large 大判 (ōban) gold coins formerly used in Japan.
Usage notes[edit]

The ōgon reading is the more common on'yomi for this term.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

/kwaukin//kwɔːkin//koːkin/

From Middle Chinese 黃金 (MC ɦwɑŋ kˠiɪm, “yellow + metal”). Compare modern Min Nan reading hông-kim.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana こうきん, rōmaji kōkin, historical hiragana くわうきん)

  1. (obsolete) money
  2. (obsolete) the metal gold (Au)
  3. (obsolete) the color gold
Usage notes[edit]

The ōgon reading is the more common on'yomi for this term.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かね > がね
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (ki, yellow) +‎ (kane, metal).[2] The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana きがね, rōmaji kigane)

  1. (rare) the metal gold (Au)
  2. (rare) money
    In modern Japanese, often refers more specifically to the large 大判 (ōban) or smaller 小判 (koban) gold coins formerly used in Japan.
Usage notes[edit]

The kogane reading is the more common kun'yomi for this term.[2][1]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かね > がね
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Variant of kigane above.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana くがね, rōmaji kugane)

  1. the metal gold (Au)
  2. money
Usage notes[edit]

The kogane reading is the more common kun'yomi for this term.

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かね > がね
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Variant of kugane above.[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana こがね, rōmaji kogane)

  1. the metal gold (Au)
  2. money
  3. the color gold
  4. short for 黄金の泥 (kogane no dei): powdered gold suspended in a base and used as a paint
Usage notes[edit]

The kogane reading is the more common kun'yomi for this term.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan