黄金

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See also: 黃金

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 黃金.
(This term, 黄金, is the simplified form of 黃金.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おう
Grade: 2
こん > ごん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

/waugon/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ/wɔːgon/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ/oːgon/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ

From Middle Chinese 黃金 (hwang kim, literally yellow + metal). Compare modern Cantonese wong4 gam1.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana おうごん, romaji ōgon, historical hiragana わうごん)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. The color gold.
  3. Money, more specifically, the large 大判 (ōban) gold coins formerly used in Japan.
Usage notes[edit]

The reading ōgon is the more common on'yomi for this term.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

/kwaukin//kwɔːkin//koːkin/

From Middle Chinese 黃金 (hwang kim, literally yellow + metal). Compare modern Min Nan reading hông-kim.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana こうきん, romaji kōkin, historical hiragana くわうきん)

  1. Money.
  2. The metal gold (Au).
  3. The color gold.
Usage notes[edit]

The kōkin reading appears to be obsolete. The reading ōgon is the more common on'yomi for this term.

Etymology 3[edit]

Compound of (ki, yellow) +‎ (kane, metal).[2] The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana きがね, romaji kigane)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. Money. In modern Japanese, often refers to the large 大判 (ōban) or smaller 小判 (koban) gold coins formerly used in Japan.
Usage notes[edit]

The kigane reading appears to be rare. The reading kogane is the more common kun'yomi for this term.[2][1]

Etymology 4[edit]

Variant of kigane above.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana くがね, romaji kugane)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. Money.
Usage notes[edit]

The reading kogane is the more common kun'yomi for this term.

Etymology 5[edit]

Variant of kugane above.[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄金 (hiragana こがね, romaji kogane)

  1. The metal gold (Au).
  2. Money.
  3. The color gold.
  4. Short for 黄金の泥 (kogane no dei): powdered gold suspended in a base and used as a paint.
Usage notes[edit]

The reading kogane is the more common kun'yomi for this term.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan