yellow

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Various shades of yellow

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English yelwe, yelou, from Old English ġeolu, from Proto-Germanic *gelwaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃wos (compare Welsh gwelw (pale), Latin helvus (dull yellow)), from *ǵʰelh₃- (gleam, yellow) (compare Irish geal (white, bright), Lithuanian žalias (green), Ancient Greek χλωρός (khlōrós, light green), Persian زر (zar, yellow), Sanskrit हरि (hari, greenish-yellow)). Cognate with German gelb (yellow).

The verb is from Old English ġeolwian, from the adjective.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

yellow (comparative yellower, superlative yellowest)

  1. Having yellow as its colour.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought / First fruits, the green ear and the yellow sheaf.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Keble
      The line of yellow light dies fast away.
    • 1911, J. Milton Hayes, "The green eye of the little yellow god,"
      There's a one-eyed yellow idol / To the north of Kathmandu; / There's a little marble cross below the town; / And a brokenhearted woman / Tends the grave of 'Mad' Carew, / While the yellow god for ever gazes down.
    • 1962 (quoting c. 1398 text), Hans Kurath & Sherman M. Kuhn, editors, Middle English Dictionary, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0-472-01044-8, page 1242:
      dorrẹ̅, dōrī adj. & n. [] Golden or reddish-yellow [] (a. 1398) *Trev. Barth. 59b/a: ȝelouȝ colour [of urine] [] tokeneþ febleness of hete [] dorrey & citrine & liȝt red tokeneþ mene.
  2. (informal) Lacking courage.
    • 1951, J.D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye, Chapter 13:
      What you should be is not yellow at all. If you're supposed to sock somebody in the jaw, and you sort of feel like doing it, you should do it.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Monty Python
      You yellow bastards! Come back here and take what's coming to you!
  3. (publishing, journalism) Characterized by sensationalism, lurid content, and doubtful accuracy.
    • 2004, Doreen Carvajal, "Photo edict muffles gossipy press," International Herald Tribune, 4 Oct. (retrieved 29 July 2008),
      The denizens of the gossipy world of the pink press, purple prose and yellow tabloids are shivering over disputed photographs of Princess Caroline of Monaco.
  4. (chiefly derogatory, offensive) Far East Asian (relating to Asian people).
  5. (dated, Australia, offensive) Of mixed Aboriginal and Caucasian ancestry.
  6. (dated, US) High yellow.
    • 1933 September 9, James Thurber, “My Life and Hard Times—VI. A Sequence of Servants”, in The New Yorker:
      Charley threw her over for a yellow gal named Nancy: he never forgave Vashti for the vanishing from his life of a menace that had come to mean more to him than Vashti herself.
  7. (Britain, politics) Related to the Liberal Democrats.
    yellow constituencies
  8. (politics) Related to the Free Democratic Party of Germany.
    the black-yellow coalition

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

yellow (plural yellows)

  1. The colour of gold, butter, or a lemon; the colour obtained by mixing green and red light, or by subtracting blue from white light.
    • 1892, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper
      It is the strangest yellow, that wall-paper! It makes me think of all the yellow things I ever saw—not beautiful ones like buttercups, but old foul, bad yellow things.
  2. (US) The intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights, the illumination of which indicates that drivers should stop short of the intersection if it is safe to do so.
  3. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 2 points.
  4. (pocket billiards) One of two groups of object balls, or a ball from that group, as used in the principally British version of pool that makes use of unnumbered balls (the (yellow(s) and red(s)); contrast stripes and solids in the originally American version with numbered balls).
  5. (sports) A yellow card.
    • 2011 April 15, Saj Chowdhury, “Norwich 2 - 1 Nott'm Forest”, in BBC Sport[2]:
      Andrew Surman fired in what proved to be a 37th-minute winner before Forest's Paul Konchesky saw red late on. That second yellow for the loan signing came in stoppage time and did not affect the outcome of a game which Norwich dominated.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights): amber (British)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights): red, green

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

yellow (third-person singular simple present yellows, present participle yellowing, simple past and past participle yellowed)

  1. (intransitive) To become yellow or more yellow.
    • 1977, Alistair Horne, A Savage War of Peace, New York Review Books 2006, page 47:
      Then suddenly, with the least warning, the sky yellows and the Chergui blows in from the Sahara, stinging the eyes and choking with its sandy, sticky breath.
  2. (transitive) To make (something) yellow or more yellow.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black
             red ; crimson              orange ; brown              yellow ; cream
             lime              green              mint
             cyan ; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet ; indigo              magenta ; purple              pink

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hans Kurath and Raven Ioor McDavid (1961). The pronunciation of English in the Atlantic States: based upon the collections of the linguistic atlas of the Eastern United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, p. 134.

Anagrams[edit]