gray

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Gray

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Various shades of gray.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • grey (used in the UK and the Commonwealth and also in the US)

Etymology 1[edit]

From grey.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gray (comparative grayer or more gray, superlative grayest or most gray)

  1. Having a color somewhere between white and black, as the ash of an ember.
  2. Dreary, gloomy.
    • 1980, Daniel C. Gerould, Stanisław I. Witkiewicz, The Beelzebub Sonata: Plays, Essays, Documents
      the era of gray, boring banality and stagnation
  3. Having an indistinct, disputed or uncertain quality.
  4. Gray-haired.
  5. Old.
    • 1817 December, Percy Bysshe Shelley, “The Revolt of Islam. []”, in [Mary] Shelley, editor, The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley. [], volume I, London: Edward Moxon [], published 1839, OCLC 1000449192, page 206:
      Two hours, whose mighty circle did embrace
      More time than might make grey the infant world,
      Rolled thus, a weary and tumultuous space: []
    • 2004, Betty Berzon, Permanent Partners: Building Gay & Lesbian Relationships That Last (page 20)
      In a subculture that idealizes youth, being gay and gray does not exactly make one a hot ticket. Older gays and lesbians often relegate themselves to separate and unequal meeting places.
  6. Relating to older people.
    the gray dollar, i.e. the purchasing power of the elderly
    • February 8, 1800, Fisher Ames, Eulogy on Washington
      Gray experience listened to his counsels with respect, and, at a time when youth is almost privileged to be rash, Virginia committed the safety of her frontier, and ultimately the safety of America, not merely to his valor,—for that would be scarcely praise,—but to his prudence.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from gray
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

gray (third-person singular simple present grays, present participle graying, simple past and past participle grayed)

  1. To become gray.
    My hair is beginning to gray.
  2. To cause to become gray.
  3. (demography, slang) To turn progressively older, alluding to graying of hair through aging (used in context of the population of a geographic region)
    the graying of America
  4. (transitive, photography) To give a soft effect to (a photograph) by covering the negative while printing with a ground-glass plate.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

gray (plural grays)

  1. An achromatic colour intermediate between black and white.
    grey:  
  2. An animal or thing of grey colour, such as a horse, badger, or salmon.
  3. (chiefly US, ufology) an extraterrestrial humanoid with grayish skin, bulbous black eyes, and an enlarged head.
  4. (US, two-up) A penny with a tail on both sides, used for cheating.[1]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black
             red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
             lime              green              mint
             cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, second edition, 1966, chapter XI section 3, page 243

Etymology 2[edit]

Named after English physicist Louis Harold Gray (1905–1965).

Noun[edit]

gray (plural grays)

  1. In the International System of Units, the derived unit of absorbed dose of radiation (radiation absorbed by a patient); one joule of energy absorbed per kilogram of the patient's mass. Symbol: Gy
    Coordinate term: rad
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

gray m

  1. gray (unit of absorbed radiation)

Further reading[edit]

  • gray in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡrei̯/, [ˈɡre̞i̯]

Noun[edit]

gray

  1. gray (SI unit)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of gray (Kotus type 21/rosé, no gradation)
nominative gray grayt
genitive grayn grayiden
grayitten
partitive graytä grayitä
illative grayhin
grayhyn
grayihin
singular plural
nominative gray grayt
accusative nom. gray grayt
gen. grayn
genitive grayn grayiden
grayitten
partitive graytä grayitä
inessive grayssä grayissä
elative graystä grayistä
illative grayhin
grayhyn
grayihin
adessive grayllä grayillä
ablative grayltä grayiltä
allative graylle grayille
essive graynä grayinä
translative grayksi grayiksi
instructive grayin
abessive grayttä grayittä
comitative grayineen
Possessive forms of gray (type rosé)
possessor singular plural
1st person grayni graymme
2nd person graysi graynne
3rd person graynsä

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gray m (plural grays)

  1. gray (SI unit)

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

gray m (plural grays)

  1. (physics) gray (SI unit of absorbed radiation)

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gray m (plural grays)

  1. (ufology) gray (one of a race of evil, short extraterrestrial beings)



Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gray c

  1. gray (SI unit)