bey

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See also: Bey

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish bey (gentleman, chief), from Old Turkic 𐰋𐰏 (bég, chief, titled man).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bey (plural beys)

  1. (historical) A governor of a province or district in the Turkish dominions
    • 1978, Lawrence Durrell, Livia, Faber & Faber 1992 (Avignon Quintet), p. 512:
      She was chaperoned by the widow of a Bey whose son had been at Oxford with him, and this gave him the excuse to exchange a few words with her, and then to be presented to the Princess.
    • 2005, Jon Courtenay Grimwood, Pashazade, p. 15:
      Whether his position with the Third Circle made the difference or the fact that he ranked as a bey, life in El Iskandryia was proving easier than he'd ever dreamed possible when he stepped off the plane.
  2. in various other places, a prince or nobleman

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

bey m (plural beys)

  1. bey

German[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bey

  1. Obsolete spelling of bei

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish bey.

Noun[edit]

bey m (plural beyes)

  1. bey

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بك (beg), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (beg, ruler). Akin to Old Turkic 𐰋𐰏 (beg, chief, titled man), Old Uyghur [script needed] (beg, lord, chief), Karakhanid باكْ (bēg, chief, a woman's husband).

There are different theories about the further etymology of the word. According to one theory the word may ultimately come from Middle Chinese (MC pˠæk̚, “hundred”),[1] (MC pˠæk̚, “the head of a hundred men”).[2] Another theory states that the word may have its origins in Sogdian [script needed] (baga, lord, master).[3][4] Or from Middle Chinese 伯 */pˠæk̚/("count"). Nonetheless German Turkologist Gerhard Doerfer assessed the derivation from Iranian as uncertain and pointed out that the word may be genuinely Turkic.[5][6] Unrelated to bay.

Noun[edit]

bey (definite accusative beyi, plural beyler)

  1. gentleman, mister
  2. lord, master
  3. husband
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative bey
Definite accusative beyi
Singular Plural
Nominative bey beyler
Definite accusative beyi beyleri
Dative beye beylere
Locative beyde beylerde
Ablative beyden beylerden
Genitive beyin beylerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular beyim beylerim
2nd singular beyin beylerin
3rd singular beyi beyleri
1st plural beyimiz beylerimiz
2nd plural beyiniz beyleriniz
3rd plural beyleri beyleri
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular beyim beylerim
2nd singular beysin beylersin
3rd singular bey
beydir
beyler
beylerdir
1st plural beyiz beyleriz
2nd plural beysiniz beylersiniz
3rd plural beyler beylerdir
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “bey.”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc.[1], accessed 22 March 2008
  2. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972), “be:g”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 322
  3. ^ Eilers، “Iranisches Lehngut”, persisches Lehngut in europäischen Sprachen Von Jamshid Ibrahim from: Göttingen 1919 Wilhem Eilers, Iranisches Lehngut im Arabischen, p. 58
  4. ^ Carter Vaughn Findley, Turks in World History, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 45: "... Many elements of Non-Turkic origin also became part of Türk statecraft [...] for example, as in the case of khatun [...] and beg [...] both terms being of Sogdian origin and ever since in common use in Turkish. ..."
  5. ^ "Baga.".Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  6. ^ “beg.”, in Encyclopædia Iranica[2], accessed 7 May 2011