bey

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Bey and bəy

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish bey (gentleman, chief), from Old Turkic 𐰋𐰏(b²g /bég/, chief, titled man).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bey (plural beys)

  1. (historical) A governor of a province or district in the Turkish dominions
    • 1978, Lawrence Durrell, Livia, Faber & Faber 1992 (Avignon Quintet), p. 512:
      She was chaperoned by the widow of a Bey whose son had been at Oxford with him, and this gave him the excuse to exchange a few words with her, and then to be presented to the Princess.
    • 2005, Jon Courtenay Grimwood, Pashazade, p. 15:
      Whether his position with the Third Circle made the difference or the fact that he ranked as a bey, life in El Iskandryia was proving easier than he'd ever dreamed possible when he stepped off the plane.
  2. in various other places, a prince or nobleman

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɛj/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

bey m (plural beys)

  1. bey

German[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bey

  1. Obsolete spelling of bei

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

bey

  1. Alternative form of bee

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish bey.

Noun[edit]

bey m (plural beyes)

  1. bey

Talysh[edit]

Verb[edit]

bey

  1. to be
    Ha manqədə az se rüj danq bedəm.
    Every month I go crazy for three days.
    (literally, “become crazy”)
    Dı mı ğum bedəş ya ne?
    Will you become my relative or not?
    Ço damə bedəniş?
    Why aren't you talking?

Conjugation[edit]

Simple forms Composit forms
Infinitive Present stem Past participle
be(y) bi-/bı-
Indicative present Simple imperfect Simple past imperfective
(was)
Present optative Imperative Simple past perfective (became) Future Imperfect II composite Plusquamperfect preterite conditional
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural singular plural singular
1 bedəm bedəmon əbim əbimon bim bimon bıbom bıbomon bəm bəmon bəbem bəbemon bedə bim bedə bimon bə bim bə bimon bə bəim
2 bedəş bedəşon əbiş əbion biş bion bıboş bıboon bıbi! bıbən! bəş bəon bəbeş bəbeyon bedə biş bedə bion bə biş bə bion bə bəiş
3 bedə bedən əbi əbin be bin bıbo bıbon bən bəbe bəben bedə be bedə bin bə be bə bin bə bəi

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بك(beg), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (beg, ruler). Akin to Old Turkic 𐰋𐰏(beg, chief, titled man), Old Uyghur [script needed] (beg, lord, chief), Karakhanid باكْ(bēg, chief, a woman's husband).

There are different theories about the further etymology of the word.

  • According to one theory the word may ultimately come from Middle Chinese (MC pˠæk̚, “hundred”),[1] (MC pˠæk̚, “the head of a hundred men”),[2] or (MC pˠæk̚, “eldest brother, father's older brother > count”) ~ (MC pˠæk̚, “hegemon”).
  • Another theory states that the word may have its origins in Middle Iranian,[3] specifically Sogdian [script needed] (baga, lord, master) or Old Persian 𐏎 (BG, god), all from Proto-Iranian *bagáh, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰagás (god, literally dispenser).[4] However, German Turkologist Gerhard Doerfer assessed the derivation from an Iranian language as quite uncertain and pointed out that the word may be genuinely Turkic.[5][6]

Unrelated to Turkish bay (gentleman).

Noun[edit]

bey (definite accusative beyi, plural beyler)

  1. gentleman, mister
  2. lord, master
  3. husband
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative bey
Definite accusative beyi
Singular Plural
Nominative bey beyler
Definite accusative beyi beyleri
Dative beye beylere
Locative beyde beylerde
Ablative beyden beylerden
Genitive beyin beylerin
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular beyim beylerim
2nd singular beyin beylerin
3rd singular beyi beyleri
1st plural beyimiz beylerimiz
2nd plural beyiniz beyleriniz
3rd plural beyleri beyleri
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular beyimi beylerimi
2nd singular beyini beylerini
3rd singular beyini beylerini
1st plural beyimizi beylerimizi
2nd plural beyinizi beylerinizi
3rd plural beylerini beylerini
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular beyime beylerime
2nd singular beyine beylerine
3rd singular beyine beylerine
1st plural beyimize beylerimize
2nd plural beyinize beylerinize
3rd plural beylerine beylerine
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular beyimde beylerimde
2nd singular beyinde beylerinde
3rd singular beyinde beylerinde
1st plural beyimizde beylerimizde
2nd plural beyinizde beylerinizde
3rd plural beylerinde beylerinde
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular beyimden beylerimden
2nd singular beyinden beylerinden
3rd singular beyinden beylerinden
1st plural beyimizden beylerimizden
2nd plural beyinizden beylerinizden
3rd plural beylerinden beylerinden
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular beyimin beylerimin
2nd singular beyinin beylerinin
3rd singular beyinin beylerinin
1st plural beyimizin beylerimizin
2nd plural beyinizin beylerinizin
3rd plural beylerinin beylerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular beyim beylerim
2nd singular beysin beylersin
3rd singular bey
beydir
beyler
beylerdir
1st plural beyiz beyleriz
2nd plural beysiniz beylersiniz
3rd plural beyler beylerdir
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: bej
  • Armenian: բեյ (bey)
  • Azerbaijani: bəy
  • Bulgarian: бей (bej)
  • Dutch: bei
  • English: bey
  • Finnish: bey
  • French: bey
  • Georgian: ბაი (bai)
  • German: Bey
  • Greek: μπέης (béis), βέης (véis)
  • Hungarian: bey
  • Portuguese: bei
  • Russian: бей (bej)
  • Spanish: bey

References[edit]

  1. ^ “bey.”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc.[1], accessed 22 March 2008
  2. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972) , “be:g”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 322
  3. ^ Jamshid Ibrahim. Kulturgeschichtliche Wortforschung: persisches Lehngut in europäischen Sprachen. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1991, p. 58.
  4. ^ Carter Vaughn Findley, Turks in World History, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 45: "... Many elements of Non-Turkic origin also became part of Türk statecraft [...] for example, as in the case of khatun [...] and beg [...] both terms being of Sogdian origin and ever since in common use in Turkish. ..."
  5. ^ “Baga”, in Encyclopædia Iranica[2], accessed 22 August 2011
  6. ^ “Beg”, in Encyclopædia Iranica[3], accessed 7 May 2011

Wolof[edit]

Verb[edit]

bey

  1. to farm

Derived terms[edit]