beg

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: bég, bèg, beg., and bēg

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English beggen, assimilation from Old English *becgan, *bedcan, *bedican, syncopated variants of bedecian (to beg), perhaps from Proto-Germanic *bedagô (petitioner; requestor; beggar), from *bedą, *bedō (prayer; request). Related to North Frisian bēdagi (to pray), Gothic 𐌱𐌹𐌳𐌰𐌲𐍅𐌰 (bidagwa, beggar), Old English biddan (to ask). More at bid, bead.

Verb[edit]

beg (third-person singular simple present begs, present participle begging, simple past and past participle begged)

  1. (intransitive) To request the help of someone, often in the form of money.
    He begged on the street corner from passers-by.
  2. (transitive) To plead with someone for help, a favor, etc.; to entreat.
    Synonym: supplicate
    I beg your pardon. I didn’t mean to cause offence.
    He begged her to go to the prom with him.
    • Shakespeare
      I do beg your good will in this case.
    • Bible, Matthew 27:58
      [Joseph] begged the body of Jesus.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 5
      But that same day came Sam Tewkesbury to the Why Not? about nightfall, and begged a glass of rum, being, as he said, 'all of a shake' [...]
  3. (transitive) In the phrase beg the question: to assume.
  4. (transitive, proscribed) In the phrase beg the question: to raise (a question).
    Antonym: set aside
  5. (transitive, law, obsolete) To ask to be appointed guardian for, or to ask to have a guardian appointed for.
    • Harrington
      Else some will beg thee, in the court of wards.
Usage notes[edit]

This is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs

Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بك(beg).

Noun[edit]

beg (plural begs)

  1. A provincial governor under the Ottoman Empire; a bey.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

beg

  1. (knitting) Abbreviation of beginning.
    • 2005, DRG Dynamic Resource, House of White Birches, Big Book of Knit Hats & Scarves for Everyone (page 34)
      Knit with MC until work measures 3 inches from beg.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish بك(beg).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɛx/
  • Hyphenation: beg

Noun[edit]

beg m (plural begs)

  1. (historical) Alternative form of bei.

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bag.

Noun[edit]

beg (Jawi spelling بيݢ)

  1. bag

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bec, from Proto-Celtic *bikkos (small).

Adjective[edit]

beg (plural beggey, comparative loo, superlative sloo)

  1. small

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beg veg meg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

borrowed from Ottoman Turkish بك(ruler)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȅg m (Cyrillic spelling бе̏г)

  1. (regional) master, lord

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • beg” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *běgъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bẹ̑g m inan

  1. run
  2. getaway
  3. escape
  4. withdrawal
  5. (phrase) flight
    Planiti v begTo take flight
Inflection[edit]
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. bég
gen. sing. béga
singular dual plural
nominative bég béga bégi
accusative bég béga bége
genitive béga bégov bégov
dative bégu bégoma bégom
locative bégu bégih bégih
instrumental bégom bégoma bégi

Etymology 2[edit]

From Turkish bey.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bẹ̑g m anim

  1. bey (Turkish governor)
Inflection[edit]
Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. bég
gen. sing. béga
singular dual plural
nominative bég béga bégi
accusative béga béga bége
genitive béga bégov bégov
dative bégu bégoma bégom
locative bégu bégih bégih
instrumental bégom bégoma bégi

Further reading[edit]

  • beg”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English beg.

Noun[edit]

beg (nominative plural begs)

  1. request, an action of begging

Declension[edit]


Zhuang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese (MC bˠæk̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

beg (old orthography beg, Sawndip forms )

  1. (bound) white

Adverb[edit]

beg (old orthography beg, Sawndip forms )

  1. in vain; for nothing
  2. for free; free of charge