bede

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: bédé, bêdê, bědě, and będę

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bēde (prayer, request, supplication, order, command, rosary, bead), from Old English gebed (prayer, petition, supplication, religious service, an ordinance), from Proto-Germanic. Cognate with Dutch gebed and bede, German Gebet.

Noun[edit]

bede (plural bedes or beden)

  1. prayer, request, supplication
    • 1875 March, in Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 15 Number 87:
      Thus originated the alms-(or bede-) houses so frequently met with in the retired villages of England.
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night:
      By Allah thy bede is good indeed and right is thy rede!
    • 2008, Time to Ditch St. George:
      [] because miracles had frequently been done at his burial-place, even at the bede-house where he was buried.
    • 2011, Where Did Beaded Flowers Come From?:
      Because of the length of the original rosary, it became customary to pay someone, usually a resident of an almshouse, to recite the prayers. These people were referred to as bede women or men, and it was they who made the first bead flowers.
  2. order, command
  3. rosary

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bēden (to pray, offer, proffer, request, demand, order, command, forbid; proclaim, declare; present, counsel, advise, exhort), from Old English bēodian (to command, decree, summon, banish, declare, inform, announce, proclaim; threaten, offer, proffer, give, grant, surrender), from Proto-Germanic *beudaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ-. Germanic cognates include Old Frisian biada, Old Saxon biodan (Low German beden), Dutch bieden, Old High German biotan (German bieten), Old Norse bjóða (Swedish bjuda (command, show)), Gothic *𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 (biudan) (attested in compounds). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek πευθεσθαι (peuthesthai, ask for), Sanskrit बोधयित (bodhayita, wake), Old Church Slavonic бъдети (bŭdeti) (Russian будить (budit’, wake)), Lithuanian budeti (awake). See also bid.

Verb[edit]

bede (third-person singular simple present bedes, present participle beding, simple past bade, past participle bode or boden)

  1. pray, offer, proffer
    • 1500, The Towneley Plays:
      Sir, a bargan bede I you.
  2. request, demand, order, command, forbid
  3. proclaim, declare
    • (Can we date this quote?) Le Mort Arthur:
      A turnement were best to bede.
  4. present, counsel, advise, rede, exhort
    • 1450, Merlin:
      They of londone [] boden hem to ben lyht of herte.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bede (plural bedes)

  1. (mining) A kind of pickaxe.
References[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

  • Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, 1911
  • Middle English Dictionary

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /beːdə/, [ˈb̥eːðə] or (in case of: entreat, pray, request): IPA(key): /beː/, [ˈb̥eːˀ]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bede c (singular definite beden, plural indefinite beder)

  1. beet (the root plant Beta vulgaris)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse biðja, from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną (to ask), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰedʰ-. Cognate with Swedish be, bedja, Icelandic biðja, English bid, West Frisian bidde, Low German bidden, Dutch bidden, German bitten.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bede (imperative bed, infinitive at bede, present tense beder, past tense bad, perfect tense er/har bedt)

  1. ask, request
  2. beg, entreat, implore
  3. pray

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse beita (to let graze, rest). Compare English bait.

Verb[edit]

bede (imperative bed, infinitive at bede, present tense beder, past tense bedede, perfect tense har bedet)

  1. make a halt, take a rest

Etymology 4[edit]

See bed (bed, garden plot).

Noun[edit]

bede n

  1. plural indefinite of bed

Etymology 5[edit]

Ultimately from Middle Low German. Either the Danish noun derives from a now-archaic verb bede (to castrate, geld, wether), which derives from Middle Low German böten, or the noun derives from a Middle Low German noun bete.

Noun[edit]

bede c (singular definite beden, plural indefinite beder)

  1. a wether (a castrated ram)

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “”

Noun[edit]

bede f (plural beden or bedes, diminutive bedetje n)

  1. plea
  2. (archaic) a prayer

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse biðja, compare with Danish bede

Verb[edit]

bede (imperative bed, present tense beder, passive bedes, simple past bad, past participle bedt, present participle bedende)

  1. (archaic) to ask; request
  2. to pray

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse biðja

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bede (present tense bed, past tense bad, past participle bede or bedd or bedt, present participle bedande, imperative bed)

  1. (archaic) to ask; request
  2. to pray

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bai-, whence also Old Norse báðir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bēde

  1. both

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High-German Primer with Grammar, Notes and Glossary, Oxford, 1888, p. 143.

Old Irish[edit]

Verb[edit]

bede

  1. second-person plural present subjunctive of is