offer

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English offer, from Old French offre (offer), from offrir (to offer), from Latin offerō (to present, bring before). Compare North Frisian offer (sacrifice, donation, fee), Dutch offer (offering, sacrifice), German Opfer (victim, sacrifice), Danish offer (victim, sacrifice), Icelandic offr (offering). See verb below.

Noun[edit]

offer (plural offers)

  1. A proposal that has been made.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, The Celebrity:
      One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
    What's in his offer?
  2. Something put forth, bid, proffered or tendered.
    His offer was $3.50 per share.
  3. (law) An invitation to enter into a binding contract communicated to another party which contains terms sufficiently definite to create an enforceable contract if the other party accepts the invitation.
    His first letter was not a real offer, but an attempt to determine interest.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English offren, offrien, from Old English offrian (to offer, sacrifice, bring an oblation), from Latin offerō (to present, bestow, bring before, literally to bring to), from Latin ob + ferō (bring, carry), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-, *bʰrē- (to carry, bear), later reinforced by Old French offrir (to offer). Cognate with Old Frisian offria (to offer), Old Dutch offrōn (to offer), German opfern (to offer), Old Norse offra (to offer). More at ob-, bear. Displaced Old English ābēodan from ā- + bēodan (to command, decree, summon).

Verb[edit]

offer (third-person singular simple present offers, present participle offering, simple past and past participle offered)

  1. (transitive) To present (something) to God as a gesture of worship, or for a sacrifice.
    • Bible, Exodus xxix. 36
      Thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement.
  2. (transitive) To place (something) in a position where it can be added to an existing mechanical assembly.
    • 2009, Roger Williams, Triumph Tr2, 3, 3a, 4 & 4a
      The next stage is to remove and replace the top part of the right side lip, and offer the lid to the car to ensure all the shapes and gaps are okay.
  3. (intransitive) To propose or express one's willingness (to do something).
    She offered to help with her homework.
  4. (transitive) To present in words; to proffer; to make a proposal of; to suggest.
    Everybody offered an opinion.
  5. (transitive) To place at someone’s disposal; to present (something) to be either accepted or turned down.
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21: 
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic […].  Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. […]  But the scandals kept coming, […]. A broad section of the political class now recognises the need for change but remains unable to see the necessity of a fundamental overhaul. Instead it offers fixes and patches.
    He offered use of his car for the week.
    He offered his good will for the Councilman's vote.
  6. (transitive) To bid, as a price, reward, or wages.
    I offered twenty dollars for it.
    The company is offering a salary of £30,000 a year.
  7. (intransitive) To happen, to present itself.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, Penguin 1985, p. 64:
      The opportunity, however, did not offer till next morning, for Phoebe did not come to bed till long after I was gone to sleep.
    • Dryden
      The occasion offers, and the youth complies.
  8. (obsolete) To make an attempt; used with at.
    • Jonathan Swift
      without offering at any other remedy
    • L'Estrange
      He would be offering at the shepherd's voice.
    • Francis Bacon
      I will not offer at that I cannot master.
  9. (transitive) To put in opposition to; to manifest in an offensive way; to threaten.
    to offer violence to somebody
Usage notes[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

off +‎ -er

Noun[edit]

offer (plural offers)

  1. (used in combinations from phrasal verbs) agent noun of off
    • 2003, James-Jason Gantt, Losing Summer[1], ISBN t0595297498 9780595297498, page 146:
      Once you finally discover yourself a dismember-er, a de-limber, a fucking head-cutter-offer, the most simple of tasks — enjoying a long walk outside, seeing a movie, conversing with a stranger in the library — all become prized and over-inflated moments of elation.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

offer n (singular definite ofret or offeret, plural indefinite ofre)

  1. sacrifice
  2. victim

Derived terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

offer n (plural offers, diminutive offertje n)

  1. sacrifice
  2. victim

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

offer

  1. first-person singular present indicative of offeren
  2. imperative of offeren

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

offer

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of offerō

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

offer n (definite singular offeret; indefinite plural ofre; definite plural ofrene)

  1. sacrifice
  2. victim

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse offr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

offer n (definite singular offeret, indefinite plural offer, definite plural offera)

  1. sacrifice
  2. victim
    Offera var alle drepne på same måten.
    The victims were all killed in the same manner.

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

offer n

  1. sacrifice
  2. victim

Declension[edit]