contract

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French contract, from Latin contractum, past participle of contrahere (to bring together, to bring about, to conclude a bargain), from con- (with, together) + trahere (to draw, to pull).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

contract (plural contracts)

  1. An agreement between two or more parties, to perform a specific job or work order, often temporary or of fixed duration and usually governed by a written agreement.
    Marriage is a contract.
    • 2013 August 10, Lexington, “Keeping the mighty honest”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      British journalists shun complete respectability, feeling a duty to be ready to savage the mighty, or rummage through their bins. Elsewhere in Europe, government contracts and subsidies ensure that press barons will only defy the mighty so far.
  2. (law) An agreement which the law will enforce in some way. A legally binding contract must contain at least one promise, i.e., a commitment or offer, by an offeror to and accepted by an offeree to do something in the future. A contract is thus executory rather than executed.
  3. (law) A part of legal studies dealing with laws and jurisdiction related to contracts.
  4. (informal) An order, usually given to a hired assassin, to kill someone.
    The mafia boss put a contract out on the man who betrayed him.
  5. (bridge) The declarer's undertaking to win the number of tricks bid with a stated suit as trump.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]
  • (agreement that is legally binding): agreement
Hyponyms[edit]
  • (agreement that is legally binding): bailment
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

contract (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Contracted; affianced; betrothed.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 1:
      But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes, feed'st thy light's flame with self-substantial fuel
  2. (obsolete) Not abstract; concrete.
    • 1557, Robert Recorde, The Whetſtone of Witte:
      But now in eche kinde of these, there are certaine nombers named Abſtracte: and other called nombers Contracte.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, from Middle French contracter, from Latin contractum, past participle of contrahere (to bring together, to bring about, to conclude a bargain), from con- (with, together) + trahere (to draw, to pull). The verb developed after the noun, and originally meant only "draw together"; the sense "make a contract with" developed later.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

contract (third-person singular simple present contracts, present participle contracting, simple past and past participle contracted)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To draw together or nearer; to shorten, narrow, or lessen.
    The snail's body contracted into its shell.
    to contract one's sphere of action
    • 1835, William Wordsworth, The Armenian Lady's Love
      Years contracting to a moment.
    • 1675, Richard Allestree, The Government of the Tongue
      We see in all things how desuetude do's contract and narrow our faculties.
  2. (grammar) To shorten by omitting a letter or letters or by reducing two or more vowels or syllables to one.
    The word "cannot" is often contracted into "can't".
  3. (transitive) To enter into a contract with. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  4. (transitive) To enter into, with mutual obligations; to make a bargain or covenant for.
    • 1589, Richard Hakluyt, The Principall Navigations, Voiages, and Discoveries of the English Nation, [], imprinted at London: By George Bishop and Ralph Newberie, deputies to Christopher Barker, printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majestie, OCLC 753964576:
      We have contracted an inviolable amitie, peace, and league with the aforesaid Queene.
    • 1721, John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials
      Many persons [] had contracted marriage within the degrees of consanguinity [] prohibited by law.
  5. (intransitive) To make an agreement or contract; to covenant; to agree; to bargain.
    to contract for carrying the mail
  6. (transitive) To bring on; to incur; to acquire.
    She contracted the habit of smoking in her teens.
    to contract a debt
  7. (transitive) To gain or acquire (an illness).
    • 1999, Davidson C. Umeh, Protect Your Life: A Health Handbook for Law Enforcement Professionals, page 69:
      An officer contracted hepatitis B and died after handling the blood-soaked clothing of a homicide victim []
  8. To draw together so as to wrinkle; to knit.
  9. To betroth; to affiance.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch contract, from Old French contract, from Latin contractum, past participle of contrahō (to bring together, to bring about, to conclude a bargain).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɔnˈtrɑkt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: con‧tract
  • Rhymes: -ɑkt

Noun[edit]

contract n (plural contracten, diminutive contractje n)

  1. contract

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: kontrak
  • Indonesian: kontrak
  • West Frisian: kontrakt

Scots[edit]

Scots Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sco

Etymology[edit]

From English contract.

Noun[edit]

contract (plural contracts)

  1. contract

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English contract.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

contract m (plural contractau)

  1. contract
    Synonym: cytundeb

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
contract gontract nghontract chontract
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “contract”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies