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U+67D3, 染
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67D3

[U+67D2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67D4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水弓木 (END), four-corner 34904, composition氿)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 519, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14621
  • Dae Jaweon: page 907, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1188, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+67D3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (water) +  (hook) +  (tree) – to hang (on a hook 九) from a tree (木) into water (氵), so as to dye.

Earlier forms more often graphically  + ; water radical moved up.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liám/jiám - literary;
  • ní - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (38) (38)
Final () (153) (153)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiᴇmX/ /ȵiᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɛmX/ /ȵiɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjæmX/ /ȵʑjæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiamX/ /ȵiamH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiɛmX/ /ȵiɛmH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭɛmX/ /ȵʑĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ɛmX/ /ȵʑi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rǎn ràn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyemX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.n[a]mʔ/
English to dye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10790 10791
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njomʔ/ /*njoms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to dye
  2. be contagious
  3. to infect

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yeom) (hangeul , revised yeom, McCune-Reischauer yŏm, Yale yem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhuộm, nhẹm, nhiễm, nhuốm, ruộm, vẩn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.