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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
有-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

有-oracle.svg 有-bronze.svg 有-bigseal.svg 有-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(meat) – a hand holding meat, hence “in possession of”. The hand shape has been significantly abstracted; compare .

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大月 (KB), four-corner 40227, composition𠂇)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 504, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14332
  • Dae Jaweon: page 880, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6709

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (有), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 云久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /ɣiuX/ /ɦiuX/ /ɦuwX/ /ɣĭəuX/ /ɣiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒu ‹ hjuwX › /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/ have, exist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15595 0 /*ɢʷɯʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to have; to possess
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    yǒu liǎng liàng chē. [Pinyin]
    I have two cars.
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) there is; to exist
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Yǒu hěn duō rén. [Pinyin]
    There are a lot of people.
    這兒 [MSC, trad.]
    这儿 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhèr yǒu shū ma? [Pinyin]
    Are there any books here?

Usage notes[edit]

  • If the subject of the sentence is a person or an object, 有 is translated to to have. But when the subject is a place or is undefined, it is translated to there is.
Undefined subject   ―  yǒu hěn duō rén  ―  there are a lot of people
Place 街上 / 街上  ―  jiēshàng yǒu hěn duō chē  ―  There is a lot of car in the street
  • 有 is the only verb not negated with . It is negated with
/   ―  wǒ méiyǒu qián  ―  I don't have any money

Adjective[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) some

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. (archaic) again
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

  1. (archaic) and; with a remainder of (when dividing an integer by ten)

External links[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese
stroke order
有-jorder.gif

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. exist
  2. get to exist; appear
  3. keep; maintain
  4. existence; belonging
  5. someone did certain thing
  6. possess
  7. have
  8. happen
  9. occur
  10. approximately

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 有余 ‎(ゆうよ, yūyo)
  • 有明 ‎(ありあけ, ariake)
  • 有意 ‎(ゆうい, yūi)
  • 有為 ‎(ゆうい, yūi)
  • 有卦 ‎(うけ, uke)
  • 有職 ‎(ゆうしょく, yūshoku)
  • 有識 ‎(ゆうしき, yūshiki)
  • 有象無象 ‎(うぞうむぞう, uzōmuzō)
  • 有益 ‎(ゆうえき, yūeki)
  • 有縁 ‎(ゆうえん, yūen)
  • 有休 ‎(ゆうきゅう, yūkyū)
  • 有窮 ‎(ゆうきゅう, yūkyū)
  • 有功 ‎(ゆうこう, yūkō)
  • 有頂天 ‎(うちょうてん, uchōten)
  • 有徳 ‎(ゆうとく, yūtoku)
  • 有名無実 ‎(ゆうめいむじつ, yūmeimujitsu)
  • 有無 ‎(うむ, umu)
  • 有耶無耶 ‎(うやむや, uyamuya)
  • 有事 ‎(ゆうじ, yūji)
  • 有能 ‎(ゆうのう, yūnō)
  • 有機 ‎(ゆうき, yūki)
  • 有識者 ‎(ゆうしきしゃ, yūshikisha)
  • 有終 ‎(ゆうしゅう, yūshū)
  • 有情 ‎(ゆうじょう, yūjō)
  • 有色 ‎(ゆうしょく, yūshoku)
  • 有身 ‎(ゆうしん, yūshin)
  • 有限 ‎(ゆうげん, yūgen)
  • 有恒 ‎(ゆうこう, yūkō)
  • 有効 ‎(ゆうこう, yūkō)
  • 有司 ‎(ゆうし, yūshi)
  • 有数 ‎(ゆうすう, yūsū)
  • 有職故実 ‎(ゆうそくこじつ, yūsokukojitsu)
  • 有望 ‎(ゆうぼう, yūbō)
  • 有名 ‎(ゆうめい, yūmei)
  • 有徳人 ‎(ゆうとくじん, yūtokujin)
  • 有用 ‎(ゆうよう, yūyō)
  • 有利 ‎(ゆうり, yūri)
  • 有理 ‎(ゆうり, yūri)
  • 有理数 ‎(ゆうりすう, yūrisū)

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なお, romaji Nao)

  1. A female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yu, McCune-Reischauer: yu, Yale: yu)
  • Name (hangeul): 있다 (Itta)()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hữu, hỡi, hơi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.