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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
有-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
有-oracle.svg 有-bronze.svg 有-bigseal.svg 有-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(meat) – a hand holding meat, hence “in possession of”; also acts as a phonetic component. The hand shape has been significantly abstracted; compare .

Shuowen Jiezi (說文解字) and other ancient sources have erroneously analyzed the character as a Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(moon). Shuowen Jiezi defines as "不宜有也" ("[to have something that] not should be had"), citing the Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋傳): "日月有食之" ("There are solar and lunar eclipses"). As eclipses were not auspicious to the Chinese, they were "something that should not be happening". The component alludes to the inauspicious lunar eclipse.

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大月 (KB), four-corner 40227, composition𠂇)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 504, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14332
  • Dae Jaweon: page 880, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6709

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /ɣiuX/ /ɦiuX/ /ɦuwX/ /ɣĭəuX/ /ɣiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒu ‹ hjuwX › /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/ have, exist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15595 0 /*ɢʷɯʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to have; to possess
    /   ―  yǒu liǎng liàng chē.  ―  I have two cars.
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) there is; to exist
      ―  Yǒu hěn duō rén.  ―  There are a lot of people.
    這兒 / 这儿  ―  Zhèr yǒu shū ma?  ―  Are there any books here?
Antonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • If the subject of the sentence is a person or an object, is translated as "to have". But when the subject is a place or is undefined, it is translated as "there is".
    • Place:
      街上 / 街上  ―  Jiēshàng yǒu hěn duō chē.  ―  There are a lot of cars in the street.
    • Undefined subject:
        ―  yǒu hěn duō rén  ―  there are a lot of people
  • is the only verb not negated with (). It is negated with (méi).
/   ―  wǒ méiyǒu qián  ―  I don't have any money

Adjective[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) some

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. (= (yòu)) (archaic) again

Conjunction[edit]

  1. (= (yòu)) (archaic) and; with a remainder of (when dividing an integer by ten)

External links[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese
stroke order
有-jorder.gif

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. exist
  2. get to exist; appear
  3. keep; maintain
  4. existence; belonging
  5. someone did certain thing
  6. possess
  7. have
  8. happen
  9. occur
  10. approximately

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なお, romaji Nao)

  1. A female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yu, McCune-Reischauer: yu, Yale: yu)
  • Name (hangeul): 있다 (Itta)()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hữu, hỡi, hơi, nhất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.