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U+53CB, 友
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53CB

[U+53CA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
友-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 29, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大水 (KE), four-corner 40047, composition𠂇)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 165, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3119
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 391, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53CB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
友-oracle.svg 友-bronze.svg 友-seal.svg 友-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (hand) – two right hands meeting in friendship. Also phono-semantic (形聲), from (OC *ɢʷɯs).

Etymology[edit]

Endoactive derivation of (OC *ɢʷɯʔ, “right”) (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan གྲོགས (grogs, friend; companion) (STEDT).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • jau5-2 - “guy; bloke”.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǒu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yǒu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
    English friend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15596
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷɯʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. friend; companion
    2. fraternity
    3. (Cantonese, colloquial, slightly impolite) guy; bloke (Classifier: ; )
      西裝 / 西装 [Cantonese]  ―  sai1 zong1 jau5-2 [Jyutping]  ―  guy in a suit
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. friend

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    とも
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    とも
    [noun] friend, companion, comrade, pal
    [noun] member of the same category
    Alternative spellings
    ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (ゆう) (

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (beot u))

    1. friend, companion

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: hữu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.