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U+53CB, 友
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53CB

[U+53CA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
友-bw.png
Stroke order
友-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 29 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大水 (KE), four-corner 40047, composition𠂇)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 165, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3119
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 391, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53CB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
友-oracle.svg 友-bronze.svg 友-bigseal.svg 友-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːʔ
*qʰɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯs
*ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*qʰʷɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
*ɡʷɯː
*ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*qʷɯ
*qʷɯ
*ɡʷɯ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (hand) + (hand) – two hands meeting in friendship. Also phono-semantic (形聲), from (OC *ɢʷɯs).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
English friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15596
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. friend; companion
  2. fraternity

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. friend

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とも, romaji tomo)

  1. friend; pal

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hữu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.