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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (different character in Japan and Traditional Chinese)

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʷɯ): phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢʷɯʔ) + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 大月弓中 (KBNL) or X大月弓中 (XKBNL), four-corner 47227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1270, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1769, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3766, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+90C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
Xining /y²¹³/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y³¹/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ioʔ⁵/
/yɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔyəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠ɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /y⁵/
Xiang Changsha /y²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iut̚¹/
Taoyuan /vut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚⁵/
Nanning /juk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʷək/
English stately, elegant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15615
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʷɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. adorned, elegant
  2. sweet smelling, rich in aroma

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“depression”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Cantonese: to move”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. culture, cultural progress
  2. fragrance, perfume

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かおる, romaji Kaoru)

  1. A unisex given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(uk) (hangeul , revised uk, McCune-Reischauer uk, Yale wuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]