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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (different character in Japan and Traditional Chinese)

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 大月弓中 (KBNL) or X大月弓中 (XKBNL), four-corner 47227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1270, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1769, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3766, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+90C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
Xining /y²¹³/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y³¹/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ioʔ⁵/
/yɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔyəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠ɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /y⁵/
Xiang Changsha /y²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iut̚¹/
Taoyuan /vut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚⁵/
Nanning /juk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨuk̚/ /ʔi̯uk̚/ /ʔiuk̚/ /ʔiuk̚/ /ʔuwk̚/ /ĭuk̚/ /ʔiuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjuwk › /*qʷək/ stately, elegant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15615 0 /*qʷɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. adorned, elegant
  2. sweet smelling, rich in aroma

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("depression").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("Cantonese: to move").
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. culture, cultural progress
  2. fragrance, perfume

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かおる, romaji Kaoru)

  1. A unisex given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(uk) (hangeul , revised uk, McCune-Reischauer uk, Yale wuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]