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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (different character in Japan and Traditional Chinese)

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 大月弓中 (KBNL), X大月弓中 (XKBNL), four-corner 47227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1270, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1769, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3766, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+90C1

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (郁), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 於六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨuk̚/ /ʔi̯uk̚/ /ʔiuk̚/ /ʔiuk̚/ /ʔuwk̚/ /ĭuk̚/ /ʔiuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjuwk › /*qʷək/ stately, elegant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15615 0 /*qʷɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. adorned, elegant
  2. sweet smelling, rich in aroma

Pronunciation 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. culture, cultural progress
  2. fragrance, perfume

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かおる, romaji Kaoru)

  1. A unisex given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(uk) (hangeul , revised uk, McCune-Reischauer uk, Yale wuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]