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See also:
U+90C1, 郁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90C1

[U+90C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90C2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 163, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 大月弓中 (KBNL) or X大月弓中 (XKBNL), four-corner 47227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1270, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1769, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3766, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+90C1

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
郁-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːʔ
*qʰɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯs
*ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*qʰʷɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
*ɡʷɯː
*ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*qʷɯ
*qʷɯ
*ɡʷɯ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʷɯ): phonetic  (OC *ɢʷɯʔ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𨚼
𨟝 Used in 馥𨟝

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiok - vernacular;
  • iok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
    Harbin /y⁵³/
    Tianjin /y⁵³/
    Jinan /y²¹/
    Qingdao /y⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
    Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
    Xining /y²¹³/
    Yinchuan /y¹³/
    Lanzhou /y¹³/
    Ürümqi /y²¹³/
    Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /yo³¹/
    /y³¹/
    Guiyang /iu²¹/
    Kunming /iu³¹/
    Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
    Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ioʔ⁵/
    /yɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /ioʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔyəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /j̠ɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /y⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /y²⁴/
    Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /iut̚¹/
    Taoyuan /vut̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚⁵/
    Nanning /juk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /jok̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiok̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷək/
    English stately, elegant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15615
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in 郁夷 (“name of an ancient county in modern-day Shaanxi province”).
    2. sweet-smelling; rich in aroma; fragrant
    3. Alternative form of (, “adorned; elegant; ornate”).
    4. Alternative form of (, “oriental bush berry”).
    5. Alternative form of (, “warm”).
    6. fruit which lacks a kernel or stone inside
    7. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“lush; luxuriant; exuberant; dense; thick; various; abundant; profuse; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Cantonese) to move”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. culture, cultural progress
    2. fragrance, perfume

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana かおる, rōmaji Kaoru)

    1. A unisex given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (uk) (hangeul , revised uk, McCune–Reischauer uk, Yale wuk)

    1. sweet smelling
    2. rich in aroma

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: hóc

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]