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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Simplified Chinese)

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 𩰪

Han character[edit]

(radical 192 +19, 29 strokes, cangjie input 木木月山竹 (DDBUH), four-corner 44722, composition ⿳⿲)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1458, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45671
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1990, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 858, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9B31

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鬱), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 物
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 紆物切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨut̚/ /ʔi̯uət̚/ /ʔiuət̚/ /ʔiut̚/ /ʔut̚/ /ĭuət̚/ /ʔiuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjut › /*qut/ blocked; anxious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16057 2 /*qud/

Definitions[edit]

  1. luxuriant
  2. dense, thick
  3. moody
  4. (Cantonese) to move
  5. (Cantonese) to hit

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. depression, gloom, melancholy

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Trivia[edit]

鬱 has, at 29 strokes, the most strokes of any kanji in the jōyō kanji list or kanji kentei level pre-1.[1] The next highest kanji in the jōyō list is , at 23 strokes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crazy kanji: what’s the highest stroke count?, Nihonshock, 2009 Oct 22

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ul) (hangeul , revised ul, McCune-Reischauer ul, Yale wul)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(uất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.