憂鬱

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See also: 忧郁

Chinese[edit]

worried dense (growth); melancholy
trad. (憂鬱)
simp. (忧郁)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

憂鬱

  1. sad; depressed; melancholic; dejected

Noun[edit]

憂鬱

  1. melancholy; depression; dejection

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆう
Grade: S
うつ
Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

/iu utu//iuːt͡su//juːut͡su/

From Middle Chinese compound 憂鬱 (MC ʔɨu ʔɨut̚, literally “melancholy + melancholy”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

憂鬱 (-na inflection, hiragana ゆううつ, rōmaji yūutsu, historical hiragana いううつ)

  1. depressed, gloomy, melancholic
    身体 (からだ)調 (ちょう) () (わる)くて憂鬱 (ゆううつ)だ。
    Karada no chōshi ga warukute yūutsu da.
    I feel depressed about my poor health.
    Synonyms: メランコリック (merankorikku)
  2. (of vegetation) thick, dense
    Synonyms: 繁い (shigei)

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

憂鬱 (hiragana ゆううつ, rōmaji yūutsu, historical hiragana いううつ)

  1. depression, dejection, gloom, melancholy
    涼宮 (すずみや)ハルヒの憂鬱 (ゆううつ)
    Suzumiya Haruhi no Yūutsu
    The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya
    Synonyms: デプレッション (depuresshon), メランコリー (merankorī)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Takebayashi, Shigeru (1993) The Kenkyusha Japanese-English Learner's Pocket Dictionary, Tōkyō: Kenkyūsha, →ISBN.
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

憂鬱 (uul) (hangeul 우울)

  1. Hanja form? of 우울, “melancholy, depression, dejection”.