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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic 𢚧 + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一月心竹水 (MBPHE), four-corner 10247, composition𢖻)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 401, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 741, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2341, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6182

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (憂), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨu/ /ʔi̯ə̯u/ /ʔiu/ /ʔiu/ /ʔuw/ /ĭəu/ /ʔiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yōu ‹ ʔjuw › /*ʔ(r)u/ grief, grieved

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15493 1 /*qu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sad, grieved
  2. grief, melancholy

References[edit]

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #11085”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. melancholy
  2. grieve
  3. lament
  4. be anxious
  5. sad
  6. unhappy

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ưu, âu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.