Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+512A, 優
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-512A

[U+5129]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+512B]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +15, 17 strokes, cangjie input 人一月水 (OMBE), four-corner 21247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 120, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1261
  • Dae Jaweon: page 254, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 233, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+512A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qu
*qu
瀀 *qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*quʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuw/
Li
Rong
/ʔiu/
Wang
Li
/ĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yōu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)u/
English entertainer; liberal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15494
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qu/

Definitions[edit]

  1. excellent, superior
  2. actor

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Definitions[edit]

  1. a person with lithe movements
  2. kind (adj.), favor
  3. good, excellent, surpass, superior
    1. the best possible grade on school results
  4. rich, wealthy
  5. a sufficient amount for a certain thing
  6. tenderness, gentleness
  7. actor
Antonyms

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 334
  • Halpern: 177
  • Halpern Learners: 130
  • Heisig: 993
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2a15.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Adverb[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. enough, amply
  2. easily, skillfully

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A (letter grade); excellence
  2. gentleness

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana まさる, romaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A female given name

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(u) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.