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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +15, 17 strokes, cangjie input 人一月水 (OMBE), four-corner 21247, composition)

  1. good, superior
  2. favor

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 120, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1261
  • Dae Jaweon: page 254, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 233, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+512A

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (優), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨu/ /ʔi̯ə̯u/ /ʔiu/ /ʔiu/ /ʔuw/ /ĭəu/ /ʔiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yōu ‹ ʔjuw › /*ʔ(r)u/ entertainer; liberal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15494 1 /*qu/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. a person with lithe movements
  2. kind (adj.)
  3. surpass
  4. rich; wealthy
  5. a sufficient amount for a certain thing
  6. the best possible grade on school results
  7. tenderness, gentleness
  8. excel
  9. actor
  10. superiority

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 334
  • Halpern: 177
  • Halpern Learners: 130
  • Heisig: 993
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2a15.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Adverb[edit]

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. enough, amply
  2. easily, skillfully

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A (letter grade); excellence
  2. gentleness

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana まさる, romaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana ゆう, romaji )

  1. A female given name

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ưu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.