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U+C6B0, 우
HANGUL SYLLABLE U
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:d-n

[U+C6AF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C6B1]




요 ←→ 워
See also: -우- and -우

Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Korean (wùh), from Old Korean 上只 (*WUk). Cognate with Korean (wi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
Yale Romanization?wu

Noun[edit]

(u)

  1. above, upper, upside, top
    Antonym: 알레 (alle)
    ᄁᆞ장u-kkawjangto the top
    u-rotoward the top
    부떠u-butteofrom the top
    u-uion the top
    고넹이 의ᄌᆞ 이서 .
    Goneng'i-reul uijaw u-iseo bwan.
    I saw the cat on top of the chair.
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Korean (wùh), from Old Korean 上只 (*WUk).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

Noun[edit]

South Korean
Standard Language
(wi)
North Korean
Standard Language
(u)

(u)

  1. Alternative form of (wi, top, above).
    • 2004 October 10, “구름우에 솟은 《왕》들의 집13개의 분교 [The House of "Kings", Soaring Above the Clouds]”, in KCNA[2]:
      이곳에서 내려다보면 마치 구름 분교 마을 둥둥 있는 같다.
      Igos-eseo naeryeodabomyeon machi gureum u-e bun'gyo-wa ma'eur-i dungdung tteo-inneun geon-man gatda.
      Looking down from here, it looks just like the schoolhouse and the village are floating on top of the clouds.
Usage notes[edit]
  • This form is considered standard in North Korea and dialectal in South Korea, despite being common in South Korean dialects as well. The opposite is true for (wi).

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (right-side).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [u(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(u)

  1. (formal) right side
    Synonyms: 우측(右側) (ucheuk), 오른쪽 (oreunjjok)
    Antonym: 좌(左) (jwa, left side)
  2. (politics) right wing
    Synonyms: 우파(右派) (upa), 우익(右翼) (u'ik)
    Antonym: 좌(左) (jwa, political left)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Commonly written in hanja in news headlines, even in contemporary text otherwise devoid of Chinese characters.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (foolish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

Noun[edit]

(u) (hanja )

  1. foolish mistake
    범하고 말았습니다.U-reul beom-hago maratseumnida.I ended up committing a foolish error.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

Ideophone[edit]

(u)

  1. Conveys forceful collective movement, e.g. of crowds or gusts.
    분노한 시위대 대통령궁으로 몰려들었다.
    Bunno-han siwidae-deur-i daetongnyeonggung-euro u mollyeo-deureotda.
    The outraged protesters stormed into the presidential palace.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (excellent).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

Noun[edit]

(u) (hanja )

  1. The second-highest score in the five-point grading system in South Korean schools, ultimately abolished in 2012; equivalent to B in the Roman alphabet grading scheme.
    Coordinate terms: 수(秀) (su), 미(美) (mi), 양(良) (yang), 가(可) (ga)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (fifth note in the pentatonic scale).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [u(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(u) (hanja )

  1. (music) the fifth note in the pentatonic scale of East Asian classical music, equivalent to la
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(u)

Extended content
  1. : residence
    (eumhun reading: (jip u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX))
  2. : rain
    (eumhun reading: (bi u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH))
  3. : meet
    (eumhun reading: 만날 (mannal u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoH))
  4. : sufficient
    (eumhun reading: 넉넉할 (neongneok-hal u))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨu))
  5. : friend
    (eumhun reading: (beot u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuX))
  6. : an ancient king
    (eumhun reading: 임금 (imgeum u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX))
  7. : cattle
    (eumhun reading: (so u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨu))
  8. : right
    (eumhun reading: 오른 (oreun u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuX, ɦɨuH))
  9. : post
    (eumhun reading: 우편 (upyeon u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨu))
  10. : again
    (eumhun reading: (tto u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuH))
  11. : fortune
    (eumhun reading: (bok u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuH))
  12. : anxiety
    (eumhun reading: 근심 (geunsim u))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨu))
  13. : to help
    (eumhun reading: 도울 (doul u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuH))
  14. : foolish
    (eumhun reading: 어리석을 (eoriseogeul u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  15. : pair
    (eumhun reading: (jjak u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋəuX, ŋəuH))
  16. : Literary Chinese particle
    (eumhun reading: 어조사 (eojosa u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  17. : wing
    (eumhun reading: 날개 (nalgae u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoH))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨu))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo, ʔɨo, ʔɨoX))
  23. :
    (MC reading: )
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo, hɨo))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo, ɦɨoH))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨo))
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨo))
  31. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋəuX))
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  33. :
    (MC reading: )
  34. :
    (MC reading: )
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoX))
  36. :
    (MC reading: )
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨo, ɦɨoH))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  40. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoH))
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨu))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨo))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋəuX))