Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+79B9, 禹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79B9

[U+79B8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79BA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 114, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹中月戈 (HLBI), four-corner 20427)

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 848, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1269, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 39, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+79B9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
禹-bronze-shang.svg 禹-bronze.svg 禹-bronze-spring.svg 禹-silk.svg 禹-slip.svg 禹-seal.svg 禹-bigseal.svg

The Shuowen interprets the character as pictographic (象形) of an animal. The bronze-script character clearly shows the component.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English insect; proper name

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15960
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Yu; Yu the Great (legendary king associated with a flood myth and the foundation of the Xia dynasty)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Name of a Xia Dynasty emperor in ancient China: Emperor Yŭ, Yŭ the Great, or Dà Yŭ.

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (u)
  • Kan-on: (u)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

() (U

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty in ancient China

Further reading[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune–Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. (성씨) a surname
  2. (大禹) Yu the Great
  3. (임금) king
  4. (벌레) worm
  5. (곡척) steel square

Usage notes[edit]

ko:w: 우 (하나라) #우의 치수사업
  • 禹라는 문자는 본래 도마뱀이나 악어, 용의 모습을 그린 상형문자로, 우의 기원은 황하에 살던 물의 신이라고 보기도 한다.[출처 필요]
우 임금 禹(우)
김경일, 한자교실, 바다출판사, 1999.
  • 더듬이와 꼬리가 긴 곤충 종류의 상형문. 아마도 토템 대상인 듯하다. 역사가 긴 부족.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  • 夏禹 Hạ Vũ
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999