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See also:
U+866B, 虫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-866B

[U+866A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+866C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
虫-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 中一戈 (LMI), four-corner 50136, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #142, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1076, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32804
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2833, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+866B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

A venomous snake, from which this character originated.
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
虫-oracle.svg 虫-bronze.svg 虫-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a snake.

The character originally represented a type of venomous snake, while the derivative represented worms and insects (or insect-like things). was later borrowed for (possibly via simplification), and the character was created to represent the original meaning.

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“insect; bug; creature, animal; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“venomous snake; sick; ambitionless”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. insect, bug
  2. generic name for animals

Readings[edit]

As shinjitai form of :

As the ancient form of :

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
むし
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/musi//muɕi/

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(むし) (mushi (kyūjitai )

  1. a bug, insect, worm
    Synonym: 昆虫 (konchū)
  2. a serpent, snake
    ()()(しん)(ちゅう)(むし)
    shishi shinchū no mushi
    a serpent in a lion
    Synonym: (hebi)
  3. (figurative): a worm (person living for only one thing)
    (ほん)(むし)
    hon no mushi
    a bookworm
  4. (derogatory): a worm (despicable person)
    ()(むし)
    nakimushi
    a sobbing worm; a blubberer
  5. a temperament (thought which is in the deep in mind) (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    (かん)(むし)
    kan no mushi
    a choleric temperament
  6. (archaic) a male lover
    Synonyms: 愛人 (aijin), 情夫 (jōfu), 隠し男 (kakushi-otoko)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɖɨuŋ).

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 벌레 (beolle chung))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (insect; bug).)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC hʉiX).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 벌레 (beolle hwe))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (type of poisonous snake).)

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: trùng ((trì)(trung)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: tròng[1][2], trùng[1][2], chòng[1], chùng[3]

  1. Hán tự form of trùng (Kangxi radical 142).

References[edit]