Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+866B, 虫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-866B

[U+866A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+866C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
虫-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 中一戈 (LMI), four-corner 50136, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #142, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1076, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32804
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2833, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+866B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

A venomous snake, from which this character originated.
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
虫-oracle.svg 虫-bronze.svg 虫-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋuːl, *hŋruːl, *hŋlulʔ
*hŋuːl
鼿 *hŋuːl, *ŋuːd
*hŋlulʔ
*ŋ̊ʰuːn
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋluːd

Pictogram (象形): a snake.

The character originally represented a type of venomous snake, while the derivative represented worms and insects (or insect-like things). was later borrowed for (possibly via simplification), and the character was created to represent the original meaning.

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“insect; bug; animal; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“venomous snake; sick; ambitionless”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. insect, bug

Readings[edit]

As shinjitai kanji "虫" (insect):

Compounds[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

As character component "虫":

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
むし
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana むし, katakana ムシ, rōmaji mushi)

  1. an insect, a bug, a worm
  2. a serpent, a snake
     () () (しん) (ちゅう) (むし)
    shishi shinchū no mushi
    a serpent in a lion
  3. (figuratively): a worm; a person living for only one thing
     (ほん) (むし)
    hon no mushi
    a bookworm
  4. (derogatory): a worm; a despicable person
     () (むし)
    nakimushi
    a sobbing worm; a blubberer
  5. a temperament; thought which is in the deep in mind
     (かん) (むし)
    kan no mushi
    a choleric temperament

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN