parasite

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See also: parasité

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle French parasite, from Latin parasitus, from Ancient Greek παράσιτος (parásitos, person who eats at the table of another), from noun use of adjective meaning "feeding beside", from παρά (pará, beside) + σῖτος (sîtos, food).

Pronunciation

Noun

parasite (plural parasites)

  1. (derogatory) A person who lives on other people's efforts or expense and gives little or nothing back. [from 16th c.]
  2. (biology) An organism that lives on or in another organism, deriving benefit from living on or in that other organism, while not contributing towards that other organism sufficiently to cover the cost to that other organism.
    • 2013 March 1, Harold J. Morowitz, “The Smallest Cell”, in American Scientist[1], volume 101, number 2, page 83:
      It is likely that the long evolutionary trajectory of Mycoplasma went from a reductive autotroph to oxidative heterotroph to a cell-wall–defective degenerate parasite. This evolutionary trajectory assumes the simplicity to complexity route of biogenesis, a point of view that is not universally accepted.
    Lice, fleas, ticks and mites are widely spread parasites.
  3. (literary, poetic) A climbing plant which is supported by a wall, trellis etc. [from 19th c.]
    • 1813, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Queen Mab, I:
      Her golden tresses shade / The bosom’s stainless pride, / Curling like tendrils of the parasite / Around a marble column.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also

References

  • parasite” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2018.

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Latin parasītus, itself a borrowing from Ancient Greek παράσιτος (parásitos).

Noun

parasite m (plural parasites)

  1. a parasite

Adjective

parasite (plural parasites)

  1. parasitic

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

parasite

  1. first-person singular present indicative of parasiter
  2. third-person singular present indicative of parasiter
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of parasiter
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of parasiter
  5. second-person singular imperative of parasiter

Further reading


Latin

Noun

parasīte

  1. vocative singular of parasītus

Portuguese

Verb

parasite

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of parasitar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of parasitar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of parasitar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of parasitar

Spanish

Verb

parasite

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of parasitar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of parasitar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of parasitar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of parasitar.