From Middle French parasite, from Latin parasitus, from Ancient Greek παράσιτος (parásitos, “person who eats at the table of another”), from noun use of adjective meaning "feeding beside", from παρά (pará, “beside”) + σῖτος (sîtos, “food”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpæɹəˌsaɪt/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpæɹəˌsaɪt/, /ˈpɛɹəˌsaɪt/
- Rhymes: -aɪt
- Hyphenation: par‧a‧site
parasite (plural parasites)
- (derogatory) A person who lives on other people's efforts or expense and gives little or nothing back. [from 16th c.]
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:scrounger
- (derogatory) A sycophant or hanger-on.
- (biology) An organism that lives on or in another organism of a different species, deriving benefit from living on or in that other organism, while not contributing towards that other organism sufficiently to cover the cost to that other organism.
- 2013 March 1, Harold J. Morowitz, “The Smallest Cell”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 2, page 83:
- It is likely that the long evolutionary trajectory of Mycoplasma went from a reductive autotroph to oxidative heterotroph to a cell-wall–defective degenerate parasite. This evolutionary trajectory assumes the simplicity to complexity route of biogenesis, a point of view that is not universally accepted.
- Lice, fleas, ticks and mites are widely spread parasites.
- (literary, poetic) A climbing plant which is supported by a wall, trellis etc. [from 19th c.]
- (historical) A retainer or companion of an ancient Celtic warrior, who praised him in song or poetry at gatherings; a bard.
- (aviation) A component of a composite aircraft which is carried aloft and air-launched by a larger carrier aircraft or mother ship to support the primary mission of the carrier.
- brood parasite
- parasite drag
- welfare parasite
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
parasite m (plural parasites)
parasite (plural parasites)
See the etymology of the main entry.
- inflection of :
- “parasite” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of parasitar
- third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of parasitar
- third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of parasitar
- third-person singular (você) negative imperative of parasitar
- First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of parasitar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of parasitar.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of parasitar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of parasitar.