Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+7269, 物
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7269

[U+7268]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+726A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
物-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 93, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹手心竹竹 (HQPHH), four-corner 27520, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 699, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19959
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1111, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1805, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7269

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
物-oracle.svg 物-silk.svg 物-seal.svg 物-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯd): semantic + phonetic (OC *mɯd).

Etymology[edit]

Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(m/b)rəw (grain; seed; lineage) (STEDT), whence Tibetan འབྲུ ('bru, seed; grain), Jingpho amyu (ə myú, kind; sort), Burmese မျိုး (myui:, seed).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mi̍h/mn̍gh - vernacular (“thing”);
  • mih - vernacular (limited, used in 物仔, 物代, 啥物, etc.);
  • bu̍t - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /u⁵¹/
    Harbin /u⁵³/
    Tianjin /u⁵³/
    Jinan /u²¹/
    Qingdao /vu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /u²⁴/
    Xi'an /vo²¹/
    Xining /v̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /vu¹³/
    Lanzhou /və¹³/
    Ürümqi /vu²¹³/
    Wuhan /u²¹³/
    Chengdu /u³¹/
    Guiyang /u²¹/
    Kunming /u³¹/
    Nanjing /uʔ⁵/
    Hefei /uəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /vəʔ²/
    Pingyao /uʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /vəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /vəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /vəʔ³/
    /məʔ³/
    Hangzhou /vəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /vai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /me²²/
    Tunxi /mə¹¹/
    /uə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /u²⁴/
    Xiangtan /u²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /uɨʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /vut̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /vut̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐt̚²/
    Nanning /mɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /mɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /but̚⁵/
    /miʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /u²⁴/
    /o²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /mueʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vut̚³/
    /mi³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (60)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨut̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miut̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mut̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mat6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjut ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mut/
    English thing

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13218
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thing, matter
      /   ―    ―  object
      /   ―  dòng  ―  animal [lit. moving thing]
    2. all of the outside world, excluding oneself
    3. substance, content
    4. Short for 物理 (wùlǐ, “physics”).
    5. to choose, to select
    6. to seek, to look for
        ―    ―  to seek out, to scout out
    7. (Teochew) to do
      家己 [Teochew]  ―  ga1 gi7 muêh8 [Peng'im]  ―  do it by oneself
    8. Alternative form of ().
    9. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (miē, “what”).

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to do):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もの
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mo2no2⟨mono2/mono/

    From Old Japanese. Attested in the Kojiki. Ultimately from Proto-Japonic *mənə.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (もの) (mono

    1. thing (concrete, tangible)
      Synonym: (butsu) (slang)
      1. (law) a corporeal object
        • Japanese Civil Code, Article 85
          この(ほう)(りつ)において「(もの)」とは、(ゆう)(たい)(ぶつ)をいう。
          Kono hōritsu ni oite “mono” to wa, yūtaibutsu o iu.
          The term "Things" as used in this Code shall mean tangible thing.
    See also[edit]
    • (koto, thing, abstract, intangible)

    Suffix[edit]

    (もの) (-mono

    1. story, genre (type of story)
      (たん)(てい)もののドラマ
      tantei-mono no dorama
      detective drama
      (ぼう)(けん)ものです。
      Bōken-mono desu.
      It is an adventure story.

    Prefix[edit]

    (もの) (mono-

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    /mono//mon/

    Shift from mono above.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (もん) (mon

    1. (informal) Alternative form of (mono, thing)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ぶつ
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨut̚).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ぶつ) (butsuぶつ (butu)?

    1. (slang) thing
      Synonym: (mono)

    Affix[edit]

    (ぶつ) (butsuぶつ (butu)?

    1. thing

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨut̚).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 무ᇙ〮 (Yale: mwúlq)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] (Yale: kàs) 믈〮 (Yale: múl)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 물건(物件) (mulgeon mul))

    1. Hanja form? of (thing; stuff).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Kunigami[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぬー, rōmaji munū)

    1. thing

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぬ, rōmaji munu)

    1. thing

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぬ, rōmaji munu, alternative reading むん, rōmaji mun)

    1. thing

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán Tự[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: vật
    : Nôm readings: vật

    1. Hán tự form of vật (item; object; thing).

    Yaeyama[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぬ, rōmaji munu)

    1. thing

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぬ, rōmaji munu)

    1. thing