果物

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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 果物 on Japanese Wikipedia
果物 (kudamono, kabutsu): various kinds of fruit.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 もの
Grade: 3
Irregular kun’yomi

Literally “tree's thing”. Originally a compound of (ku, tree, shift from ancient ko pronunciation) +‎ (da, possessive marker between two nouns, only found in a few compounds) +‎ (mono, thing).[1][2]

The medial da is also seen in (kedamono, beast, literally hairy thing). The kanji is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

果物(くだもの) (kudamono

  1. edible fruit that grows on trees or shrubs, such as oranges and apples, or sweet edible fruit that grows along the ground, such as strawberries and melons
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぶつ
Grade: 3
kan’on

/kwabut͡su//kabut͡su/

Possibly from Middle Chinese compound 果物 (*guɑ *miət, literally fruit thing). Compare modern Mandarin 果物 reading guǒwù (rare), Cantonese gwo2 mat6 (rare).

Rarely used in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ka̠bɯ̟ᵝt͡sɨᵝ]

Noun[edit]

()(ぶつ) (kabutsuくわぶつ (kwabutu)?

  1. (rare) fruit
Usage notes[edit]

The kudamono reading is much more common in modern Japanese.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary. →ISBN