orange

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See also: Orange and orangé

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Various shades of orange.
Some oranges (the fruits).
An orange tree.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English orenge, orange, from Old French pome orenge (Persian orange), literally “orange apple”, influenced by Old Occitan auranja and calqued from Old Italian melarancio, melarancia, compound of mela (apple) and (n)arancia (orange), from Arabic نَارَنْج(nāranj), from Persian نارنگ(nârang), from Sanskrit नारङ्ग (nāraṅga, orange tree), from Dravidian (compare Tamil நார்த்தங்காய் (nārttaṅkāy), compound of நரந்தம் (narantam, fragrance) and காய் (kāy, fruit); also Telugu నారంగము (nāraṅgamu), Malayalam നാരങ്ങ (nāraṅṅa), Kannada ಕಿತ್ತಳೆ (kittaḷe)).

For other similar cases of the incorrect division (or, elision/rebracketing) of the above Italian word, but in English, see Category:English rebracketings.

For the color sense, replaced Old English ġeolurēad (literally yellow-red); compare English blue-green.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

orange (countable and uncountable, plural oranges)

  1. An evergreen tree of the genus Citrus such as Citrus sinensis.
  2. The fruit of an orange tree; a citrus fruit with a slightly sour flavour.
  3. The colour of a ripe fruit of an orange tree, midway between red and yellow.
    orange colour:  
    Synonym: yellowred (uncommon)
  4. Orange juice.
  5. Orange coloured and flavoured cordial.
  6. Orange coloured and flavoured soft drink.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orange (comparative oranger or more orange, superlative orangest or most orange)

  1. Having the colour of the fruit of an orange tree; yellowred; reddish-yellow.

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

orange (third-person singular simple present oranges, present participle oranging, simple past and past participle oranged)

  1. (transitive) To color orange.
    • 1986, Gilles Deleuze, Cinema: The movement-image, page 118:
      It is this composition which reaches a colourist perfection in Le Bonheur with the complementarity of violet, purple and oranged gold
    • 1987, Harold Keith, Rifles for Watie, page 256:
      Jeff winked his eyes sleepily open and looked out into the cool flush of early morning. The east was oranged over with daybreak.
    • 2009, Suzanne Crowley, The Very Ordered Existence of Merilee Marvelous, page 117:
      I looked at him through my binoculars, his little lips oranged with Cheeto dust.
  2. (intransitive) To become orange.
    • 2007, Terézia Mora, Day in day out, page 296:
      Cranes in the distance against the background of the slowly oranging sky
    • 2008, Wanda Coleman, (Please provide the book title or journal name), page 14:
      It will be followed by a disappearance of the cash I had hidden in a sealed envelope behind the oranging Modigliani print over the living room couch.
    • 2010, Justin Cronin, The Passage, page 330:
      "What about his eyes?" / "Nothing. No oranging at all, from what I could see.

See also[edit]

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white     gray, grey     black
             red ; crimson             orange ; brown             yellow ; cream
             lime             green             mint
             cyan ; teal             azure, sky blue             blue
             violet ; indigo             magenta ; purple             pink

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Short form of late Old French pume orenge or pomme d'orenge, which was calqued after Old Italian melarancia (mela + arancia). The o came into the word under influence of the place name Orange, from where these fruits came to the north. See orange (English).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

orange f (plural oranges)

  1. orange (fruit)
    Il pressa l’orange afin d’en extraire du jus.
    He squeezed the orange to extract juice from it.

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

orange m (plural oranges)

  1. orange (color)

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orange (invariable)

  1. orange
    Les premiers TGV atlantiques étaient orange.
    The first Atlantic TGV trains were orange.

Usage notes[edit]

While theoretically the adjective orange is invariable, being (originally) a colour name derived from a noun, the nonstandard plural oranges is in use.

See also[edit]

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     blanc     gris     noir
             rouge ; cramoisi             orange ; brun             jaune ; crème
             vert citron             vert            
             cyan ; bleu canard             azur             bleu
             violet ; indigo             magenta ; pourpre             rose

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the noun Orange (orange fruit), from French orange.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (predicative only) IPA(key): /oˈrãːʃ/, /oˈraŋʃ/, /oˈrɔ̃ːʃ/, /oˈrɔŋʃ/
  • (non-predicative feminine and plural forms) IPA(key): /oˈrãːʒə/, /oˈraŋʒə/, /oˈrɔ̃ːʒə/, /oˈrɔŋʒə/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

orange (comparative oranger or orangener, superlative am orangesten or am orangensten)

  1. orange

Usage notes[edit]

  • The adjective has two sets of forms. In the formal standard language, endings are added directly to the stem (orang-). In less formal style and in the vernacular, another set of forms is used in free variation, in which an -n- is infixed before the endings.
  • It is also officially correct to leave the adjective entirely undeclined. This usage is rare, however, and seems dated.

Declension[edit]

Standard forms
Colloquial forms

Further reading[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French orange.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orange (masculine orangen, neuter oranget, comparative méi orange, superlative am orangesten)

  1. orange

Declension[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

See also[edit]

Colors in Luxembourgish · Faarwen (layout · text)
     wäiss     gro     schwaarz
             rout             orange ; brong             giel
                         gréng            
                         himmelblo             blo
             violett ; indigo             magenta ; mof             rosa

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

orange

  1. Alternative form of orenge

Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

orange m, f

  1. (Jersey, Guernsey) orange

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French orange. See English orange.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʊˈranʃ/, (southern) /ʊˈraŋɧ/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

orange (comparative orangeare, superlative orangeast)

  1. orange

Noun[edit]

orange ?

  1. orange (color)