rose

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rose, rosé, róse, Ròse, rosë, rosę, and röse

English[edit]

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A red rose (flower)
A rose (graph with only one vertex)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rose, roose, from Old English rōse, from Latin rosa, of uncertain origin but possibly via Oscan from Ancient Greek ῥόδον (rhódon, rose) (Aeolic ϝρόδον (wródon)), from Old Persian *wṛda- (flower) (compare Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬀-(varəδa-), Sogdian ward, Parthian wâr, late Middle Persian [Term?] (gwl /gul/), Persian گل(gul, rose, flower), and Middle Iranian borrowings including Old Armenian վարդ (vard, rose), Aramaic וַרְדָּא(wardā) / ܘܪܕܐ(wardā), Arabic وَرْدَة(warda), Hebrew וֶרֶד(wéreḏ)), from Proto-Indo-European *wr̥dʰos (sweetbriar) (compare Old English word (thornbush), Latin rubus (bramble), Albanian hurdhe (ivy)). Possibly ultimately a derivation from a verb for "to grow" only attested in Indo-Iranian (*Hwardʰ-, compare Sanskrit वर्धति (vardhati), with relatives in Avestan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose (plural roses)

  1. A shrub of the genus Rosa, with red, pink, white or yellow flowers.
  2. A flower of the rose plant.
  3. A plant or species in the rose family. (Rosaceae)
  4. Something resembling a rose flower.
  5. (heraldry) The rose flower, usually depicted with five petals, five barbs, and a circular seed.
  6. A purplish-red or pink colour, the colour of some rose flowers.
    Web rose:  
  7. A round nozzle for a sprinkling can or hose.
  8. The usually circular base of a light socket in the ceiling, from which the fitting or chandelier is suspended.
  9. Any of various large, red-bodied, papilionid butterflies of the genus Pachliopta.
  10. (mathematics) Any of various flower-like polar graphs of sinusoids or their squares.
  11. (mathematics, graph theory) A graph with only one vertex.
Descendants[edit]
  • Marshallese: rooj
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

rose (third-person singular simple present roses, present participle rosing, simple past and past participle rosed)

  1. (poetic, transitive) To make rose-coloured; to redden or flush.
  2. (poetic, transitive) To perfume, as with roses.

Adjective[edit]

rose (not comparable)

  1. Having a purplish-red or pink colour. See rosy.
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

rose

  1. simple past tense of rise
  2. (now colloquial and nonstandard) past participle of rise
    • 1775, The Complete Gazetteer of England and Wales [] [1], volume 1, G. Robinson, and R. Baldwin, page 154:
      Chidley-Mount, Som. on the other ſide of the Parret, oppoſite to Bridgewater, which is ſuppoſed to have roſe from its ruins.
    • 1805, Cobbett's Political Register, volume 8, page 89:
      Here the genius of agriculture seems to have rose above its dawn.
    • 2006 January 30, Timothy Stagich, Conscious Ascension: The Global Rise of Mankind Out of the Depths of Conflict[2], Global Leadership Resources, →ISBN, page 86:
      And, it has often been in the most oppressed of times that human beings have rose up and discovered their greatest potential.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From French rosé (pinkish).

Noun[edit]

rose (plural roses)

  1. Alternative spelling of rosé

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose

  1. plural of roos

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose f

  1. dative/locative singular of rosa

Verb[edit]

rose

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of rosit

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

From late Old Norse rós, rósa, from Middle Low German rōse, from Latin rosa (rose).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roːsə/, [ˈʁoːsə]

Noun[edit]

rose c (singular definite rosen, plural indefinite roser)

  1. rose (flower, shrub of the genus Rosa)
Inflection[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French rosé.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose c (singular definite roseen, plural indefinite roseer)

  1. rosé (a pale pink wine)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse hrósa, whence dialectal English roose, Old Swedish rōsa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roːsə/, [ˈʁoːsə]

Verb[edit]

rose (imperative ros, infinitive at rose, present tense roser, past tense roste, perfect tense har rost)

  1. to praise, commend
Conjugation[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French rose, borrowed from Latin rosa (the expected form if it was inherited would be *reuse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose f (plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)
  2. rose window
  3. (heraldry) rose

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose m (plural roses)

  1. pink

Adjective[edit]

rose (plural roses)

  1. pink
  2. (humorous) pink, left-wing
  3. (colloquial) erotic, blue
  4. (in phrases) rosy, rose-tinted

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Haitian Creole: woz
  • Mauritian Creole: roz
  • Seychellois Creole: roz
  • Greek: ροζ (roz)
  • Luxembourgish: Rous
  • Persian: رز(roz)
  • Romanian: roz

See also[edit]

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      noir
             rouge; cramoisi              orange; brun              jaune; crème
             vert citron              vert              menthe
             cyan; bleu canard              azur              bleu
             violet; indigo              magenta; pourpre              rose

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rosa.

Noun[edit]

rose f (plural rosis)

  1. flower
    Synonym: flôr

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose pl

  1. plural of rosa

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rose

  1. third-person singular past historic of rodere

Etymology 3[edit]

Participle[edit]

rose f pl

  1. feminine plural of roso

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

rōse

  1. vocative masculine singular of rōsus

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔsɛ/, [ˈrɔsə]

Noun[edit]

rose

  1. inflection of rosa:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English rōse, from Latin rosa. Reinforced and remodelled on Old French rose, from the same Latin source.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔːz(ə)/, /ˈrɔz(ə)/

Noun[edit]

rose (plural roses or rosen)

  1. rose (plant belonging to the genus Rosa)
  2. rose (flower of the rose plant)
  3. (heraldry) The rose as a heraldic emblem.
  4. (figuratively) A morally upstanding and virtuous individual.
  5. reddish-purple; a rosy colour
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]
See also[edit]
Colors in Middle English · coloures, hewes (layout · text)
     whit      grey, hor      blak
             red; cremesyn, gernet              citrine, aumbre; broun, tawne              yelow, dorry; canevas
             grasgrene              grene             
             plunket; ewage              asure, livid              blewe, blo, pers
             violet; inde              rose, murrey; purpel, purpur              claret

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rose

  1. Alternative form of rosen (to boast)

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rosa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

rose m or f

  1. (Jersey) pink (colour)
    Synonym: (Guernsey) couleur dé raose

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose f (plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
Rose

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rosa, via Old Norse rós and rósa

Noun[edit]

rose f or m (definite singular rosa or rosen, indefinite plural roser, definite plural rosene)

  1. a rose (plant and flower of genus Rosa)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rosa, via Old Norse rós and rósa

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose f (definite singular rosa, indefinite plural roser, definite plural rosene)

  1. a rose (plant and flower of genus Rosa)

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rose (present tense rosar/roser, past tense rosa/roste, past participle rosa/rost, passive infinitive rosast, present participle rosande, imperative ros)

  1. alternative form of rosa

Further reading[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rosa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈroː.se/, [ˈroː.ze]

Noun[edit]

rōse f (nominative plural rōsan or rōsa)

  1. rose

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rosa.

Noun[edit]

rose f (oblique plural roses, nominative singular rose, nominative plural roses)

  1. rose (flower)

Descendants[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

rose (Cyrillic spelling росе)

  1. inflection of rosa:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural