ros

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See also: rós and Ros

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin russus.

Adjective[edit]

ros m (feminine rossa, masculine plural rossos, feminine plural rosses)

  1. blond

Cornish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *roto- (wheel, chariot) (compare Welsh rhod, Old Irish roth), from Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂-o-.

Noun[edit]

ros f (plural rosow)

  1. wheel

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ros f (plural rosyow)

  1. heathland

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ros f (singulative rosen)

  1. roses

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

ros

  1. imperative of rose

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hursa-, *hrussa-, whence also Old English hors (English horse), Old Saxon hros, Old High German hros, ros (German Ross).

Noun[edit]

ros n (plural rossen, diminutive rosje n)

  1. horse, steed
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ros (comparative rosser, superlative meest ros or rost)

  1. of a colour between red and yellow: de rosse buurt “red-light district”
  2. red-haired
Declension[edit]
Inflection of ros
uninflected ros
inflected rosse
comparative rosser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial ros rosser het rost
het roste
indefinite m./f. sing. rosse rossere roste
n. sing. ros rosser roste
plural rosse rossere roste
definite rosse rossere roste
partitive ros rossers
Derived terms[edit]

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin russus.

Adjective[edit]

ros

  1. red

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish ros (linseed).

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive rois)

  1. linseed, flaxseed
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish ros (wood, promontory)

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive rosa, plural rosa)

  1. wood, wooded headland
  2. (geography) headland, promontory
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *Hroseh₂. Cognates include Sanskrit रसा (rásā, moisture, humidity), Ancient Greek ἐξεράω (ekseráō, pour out) and Lithuanian rasà (dew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rōs m (genitive rōris); third declension

  1. dew
  2. moisture

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative rōs rōrēs
genitive rōris rōrum
dative rōrī rōribus
accusative rōrem rōrēs
ablative rōre rōribus
vocative rōs rōrēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

ros

  1. rafsi of prosa.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ros

  1. second-person singular imperative of rosć

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸrostos, from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (before) + *steh₂- (to stand). The same construction as Sanskrit प्रस्थ (prastha, plateau), but probably coined separately in the two languages.

Noun[edit]

ros m (o-stem, genitive singular ruis, nominative plural ruis)

  1. promontory
  2. wood
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 1079
      ross .i. trēde fordingair .i. ros fidbuide, []
      wood, that is, a triad of meanings, that is, a wood of yellow trees, []
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: ros (wood)
  • Scottish Gaelic: ros (promontory)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ros m (o-stem, genitive singular ruis, nominative plural ruis)

  1. linseed
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 1079
      ros līn
      linseed
  2. flax or other small seed
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: ros (linseed)
  • Scottish Gaelic: ros (linseed)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ros
also rros after a proclitic
ros
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
ros
also rros after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rōsus.

Verb[edit]

ros (past participle of roade)

  1. gnawed

Adjective[edit]

ros 4 nom/acc forms

  1. gnawed, eaten away at
  2. eroded, consumed
  3. (of clothes) careworn, threadbare, shabby, seedy, frayed

Declension[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish ros (linseed)

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive rois, plural rosan)

  1. linseed, flax seed

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish ros (promontory, wood)

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive rois, plural rosan)

  1. promontory, peninsula, isthmus

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German rose, from Latin rosa.

Noun[edit]

ros c

  1. a rose; a flower and a shrub
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ros

  1. indefinite genitive singular of ro

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

ros

  1. infinitive passive of ro.
  2. present tense passive of ro.

References[edit]