ros

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: ROS, Ros, rós, , rös, and Roś

Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Provençal (compare Occitan ros), from Latin russus (compare French roux, Spanish rojo, Italian rosso, Romanian roșu), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ-.

Adjective[edit]

ros (feminine rossa, masculine plural rossos, feminine plural rosses)

  1. blond

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin rōs; from general Ros Olano.

Noun[edit]

ros m (plural rosos)

  1. dew
  2. piqued cap
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana ros

Cornish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *rod, from Proto-Celtic *rotos, from Proto-Indo-European *Hróth₂os.

Noun[edit]

ros f (plural rosow)

  1. wheel

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ros f (plural rosyow)

  1. heathland

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ros f (singulative rosen)

  1. roses

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

ros

  1. imperative of rose

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch ros, from Old Dutch ros, hors, from Proto-Germanic *hrussą (horse), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱers- (to run).

Noun[edit]

ros n (plural rossen, diminutive rosje n)

  1. horse
    Synonyms: paard
  2. steed
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ros (comparative rosser, superlative meest ros or rost)

  1. of a colour between red and yellow:
    de rosse buurt
    the red-light district
  2. red-haired
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of ros
uninflected ros
inflected rosse
comparative rosser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial ros rosser het rost
het roste
indefinite m./f. sing. rosse rossere roste
n. sing. ros rosser roste
plural rosse rossere roste
definite rosse rossere roste
partitive ros rossers
Derived terms[edit]

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin russus.

Adjective[edit]

ros

  1. red

Derived terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish ros (linseed).

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive singular rois)

  1. linseed, flaxseed
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish ros (wood, promontory), from Proto-Celtic *ɸrostos, from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (before) + *steh₂- (to stand).

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive singular rosa, nominative plural rosa)

  1. wood, wooded headland
  2. (geography) headland, promontory
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *Hroseh₂. Cognates include Sanskrit रसा (rásā, moisture, humidity), Ancient Greek ἐξεράω (exeráō, pour out) and Lithuanian rasà (dew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rōs m (genitive rōris); third declension

  1. dew
  2. moisture

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rōs rōrēs
genitive rōris rōrum
dative rōrī rōribus
accusative rōrem rōrēs
ablative rōre rōribus
vocative rōs rōrēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

ros

  1. rafsi of prosa.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ros

  1. second-person singular imperative of rosć

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸrostos, from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (before) + *steh₂- (to stand). The same construction as Sanskrit प्रस्थ (prastha, plateau), but probably coined separately in the two languages.[1]

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive ruis, nominative plural ruis)

  1. promontory
  2. wood
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 1079
      ross .i. trēde fordingair .i. ros fidbuide, []
      wood, that is, a triad of meanings, that is, a wood of yellow trees, []
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: ros (wood)
  • Scottish Gaelic: ros (promontory)

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive ruis, nominative plural ruis)

  1. linseed
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 1079
      ros līn
      linseed
  2. flax or other small seed
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: ros (linseed)
  • Scottish Gaelic: ros (linseed)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ros
also rros after a proclitic
ros
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
ros
also rros after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 142

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rōsus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ros (past participle of roade)

  1. gnawed

Adjective[edit]

ros m, n (feminine singular roasă, masculine plural roși, feminine and neuter plural roase)

  1. gnawed, eaten away at
  2. eroded, consumed
  3. (of clothes) careworn, threadbare, shabby, seedy, frayed

Declension[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish ros (linseed)

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive singular rois, plural rosan)

  1. linseed, flax seed

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish ros (wood, promontory), from Proto-Celtic *ɸrostos, from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (before) + *steh₂- (to stand).

Noun[edit]

ros m (genitive singular rois, plural rosan)

  1. promontory, peninsula, isthmus

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Named after Antonio Ros de Olano (1808-1886), a Spanish general who introduced the hat into the Spanish army

Noun[edit]

ros m (plural roses)

  1. A type of military hat, similar to a shako

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish ros‚ from Middle Low German rose, from Latin rosa.

Noun[edit]

ros c

  1. a rose; a flower, a shrub, and a heraldic charge
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ros

  1. indefinite genitive singular of ro

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

ros

  1. infinitive passive of ro.
  2. present tense passive of ro.

References[edit]