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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to run

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ḱr̥s-é-ti (zero-grade thematic present)[2][3]
    • Proto-Germanic: *hurzaną (to rush)
    • Proto-Italic: *korzō (I run)[4] (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱr̥s-néh₂-ti ~ *ḱr̥s-n̥h₂-énti (néh₂-present)[5]
  • *ḱr̥s-kó-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *hurskaz (quick, lively) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱr̥s-ó-s[1][5][6]
  • *ḱr̥s-tó-s
  • *ḱr̥s-r-u-[6]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Mallory, J. P. with Adams, D. Q. (2006) “*k̂ers- 'to run'”, in The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 249
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*k̂ers- 'laufen'”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 355
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) “επίκουρος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 442
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “currō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 157-158
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*hurzōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 260
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “*kwarsär”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 253