Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ḱers-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*ḱers-[1][2]

  1. to run

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ḱr̥s-é-ti (zero-grade thematic present)[2][3]
    • Italic: *korzō (I run)[4] (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱr̥s-néh₂-ti ~ *ḱr̥s-n̥h₂-énti (néh₂-present)[5]
  • *ḱr̥s-kó-s
    • Germanic: *hurskaz (quick, lively) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱr̥s-ó-s[1][5][6] (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱr̥s-tó-s
  • *ḱr̥s-tí-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *sьrstь (see there for further descendants)
  • *ḱr̥s-r-u-[6]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*k̂ers- 'to run'”, in The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 249
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*k̂ers- 'laufen'”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 355
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “επίκουρος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 442
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “currō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 157-158
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*hurzōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 260
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “*kwarsär”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 253