rus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rus, RUS, rus., rus', ruš, Rus., Rus', Ruś, and R Us

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

rus

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Russian.

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch rusten, from Middle Dutch rusten.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rus (present rus, present participle rustende, past participle gerus)

  1. to rest
    Ek sal nie rus nie.I shall not rest.

Albanian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rus m (feminine ruse)

  1. Russian
    gjuha rusethe Russian language

Related terms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic рус
Perso-Arabic روس

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

rus (definite accusative rusu, plural ruslar)

  1. a Russian (person)

Declension[edit]

    Declension of rus
singular plural
nominative rus
ruslar
definite accusative rusu
rusları
dative rusa
ruslara
locative rusda
ruslarda
ablative rusdan
ruslardan
definite genitive rusun
rusların
    Possessive forms of rus
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) rusum ruslarım
sənin (your) rusun rusların
onun (his/her/its) rusu rusları
bizim (our) rusumuz ruslarımız
sizin (your) rusunuz ruslarınız
onların (their) rusu or rusları rusları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) rusumu ruslarımı
sənin (your) rusunu ruslarını
onun (his/her/its) rusunu ruslarını
bizim (our) rusumuzu ruslarımızı
sizin (your) rusunuzu ruslarınızı
onların (their) rusunu or ruslarını ruslarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) rusuma ruslarıma
sənin (your) rusuna ruslarına
onun (his/her/its) rusuna ruslarına
bizim (our) rusumuza ruslarımıza
sizin (your) rusunuza ruslarınıza
onların (their) rusuna or ruslarına ruslarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) rusumda ruslarımda
sənin (your) rusunda ruslarında
onun (his/her/its) rusunda ruslarında
bizim (our) rusumuzda ruslarımızda
sizin (your) rusunuzda ruslarınızda
onların (their) rusunda or ruslarında ruslarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) rusumdan ruslarımdan
sənin (your) rusundan ruslarından
onun (his/her/its) rusundan ruslarından
bizim (our) rusumuzdan ruslarımızdan
sizin (your) rusunuzdan ruslarınızdan
onların (their) rusundan or ruslarından ruslarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) rusumun ruslarımın
sənin (your) rusunun ruslarının
onun (his/her/its) rusunun ruslarının
bizim (our) rusumuzun ruslarımızın
sizin (your) rusunuzun ruslarınızın
onların (their) rusunun or ruslarının ruslarının

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rus (comparative daha rus, superlative ən rus)

  1. Russian, of, from, or pertaining to Russia.
    rus dilithe Russian language
    rus yazıçılarıRussian writers

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rus (feminine russa, masculine plural russos, feminine plural russes)

  1. Russian (pertaining to Russia, to the Russian people, or to the Russian language)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (plural russos, feminine russa)

  1. Russian (an inhabitant of Russia or an ethnic Russian)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (uncountable)

  1. Russian (the Slavic language of the Russians)

Noun[edit]

rus m (plural rusos)

  1. A long, thick overcoat.

Further reading[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin radius. Compare Italian raggio, Romanian rază.

Noun[edit]

rus m

  1. ray

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From an old Danish verb ruse, from Middle Low German rusen (to rush).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus c (singular definite rusen, plural indefinite ruse)

  1. intoxication
  2. ecstasy
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Maybe an abbreviaton of Latin depositurus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus c (singular definite russen, plural indefinite russer)

  1. freshman, first-year student
Inflection[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch rusch, rosch. The Juncaceae plants may constitute a parallel etymology

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (plural russen, diminutive rusje n)

  1. A sod, turf of soil, grass, reed or other vegetation
  2. The graminal plant Armeria vulgaris or Armeria maritima
  3. A grass-like plant, (bul)rush, notably of the genera Juncus and Luzula.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From rechercheur.

Noun[edit]

rus m (plural russen, diminutive rusje n)

  1. (slang) police detective

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rus

  1. Alternative form of ruis

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m

  1. plural of ru

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *rowos, from Proto-Indo-European *rewh₁os (open space, field), from *rewh₁- (to open, wide). Cognate with Old Irish róe (flat field) and Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬵-(rauuah-, open space), English room.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rūs n (genitive rūris); third declension

  1. countryside, country, lands, fields
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.927-928:
      ‘sarculā nunc dūrusque bidēns et vōmer aduncus, rūris opēs, niteant’
      ‘‘Now the hoes and hard mattocks and the curved plowshare – wealth of the countryside – may they gleam.’’
      (A prayer spoken by the Flamen Quirinalis during the Robigalia to propitiate the deity Robigo or Robigus and prevent agricultural diseases.)
  2. a farm, estate
  3. a village

Usage notes[edit]

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem), with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rūs rūra
Genitive rūris rūrum
Dative rūrī rūribus
Accusative rūs rūra
Ablative rūre rūribus
Vocative rūs rūra
Locative rūrī
rūre
rūribus

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • rus”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • rus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make a pleasure-trip into the country: rus excurrere
    • to live in the country: ruri vivere, rusticari
    • to live (all) one's life (honourably, in the country, as a man of learning): vitam, aetatem (omnem aetatem, omne aetatis tempus) agere (honeste, ruri, in litteris), degere, traducere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 531

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (definite singular rusen, uncountable)

  1. The mental state of inebriation, intoxication, brought on by using alcohol or other drugs

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (definite singular rusen, indefinite plural rusar, definite plural rusane)

  1. intoxication (the state of being intoxicated or drunk)
  2. extreme joy, ecstasy

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rus

  1. imperative of rusa

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (plural rus)

  1. (historical) Rus (Scandinavian settlers and merchants in Eastern Europe)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian русь (rusʹ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rus m or n (feminine singular rusă, masculine plural ruși, feminine and neuter plural ruse)

  1. Russian

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (plural ruși, feminine equivalent rusoaică)

  1. Russian

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (genitive singular ruis, no plural)

  1. rice (grain)
    Synonym: rìs

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus m (plural rus)

  1. (historical) Rus (Scandinavian settlers and merchants in Eastern Europe, particulary in Kievan Rus')

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

rus n

  1. a mental state of intoxication brought on by alcohol or other drugs
    Hon kunde inte minnas vad han gjort under ruset
    She couldn't remember what she had done while intoxicated
  2. a state of exhilaration, a rush
    De kände ett rus när deras lag gjorde mål
    They felt a rush when their team scored
Declension[edit]
Declension of rus 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rus ruset rus rusen
Genitive rus rusets rus rusens
Derived terms[edit]

Turkmen[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rus

  1. Russian

Noun[edit]

rus (definite accusative rusy, plural ruslar)

  1. Russian (person)

Uzbek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rus

  1. Russian

Noun[edit]

rus (plural ruslar)

  1. Russian (person)

Declension[edit]