rusticus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *rowestikos. Equivalent to rūs +‎ -ticus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rūsticus (feminine rūstica, neuter rūsticum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. of the country, rural, rustic
    • 80 BCE, Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino, XV.42:
      'Nescio' inquit 'quae causa odi fuerit; fuisse odium intellego qui antea, cum duos filios haberet, illum alterum qui mortuus est secum omni tempore volebat esse, hunc in praedia rustica relegarat.'
      'I know not', says he, 'what cause for displeasure there was; but I know that displeasure existed; because formerly, when he had two sons, he chose that other one, who is dead, to be at all times with himself, but sent this other one to his country farms.'
    • 30 BCE, Quintus Horatius Flaccus, Satirae, Liber II.6:
      Olim rusticus urbanum murem mus paupere fertur accepisse cavo...
      It is told that once upon a time a country mouse in his poor burrow received a city mouse...
  2. (figuratively) unrefined, boorish, coarse
    • 55 BCE, Marcus Tullius Cicero, De Oratore, Liber III, XI.42:
      ...rustica vox et agrestis quosdam delectat...
      ...a boorish and rude voice delights certain men...
    • 42 BCE, Quintus Horatius Flaccus, Epistularum ad Familiares, Liber XVI, 21:
      ...rusticus Romanus factus es.
      ...you were made a Roman farmer.

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rūsticus rūstica rūsticum rūsticī rūsticae rūstica
Genitive rūsticī rūsticae rūsticī rūsticōrum rūsticārum rūsticōrum
Dative rūsticō rūsticō rūsticīs
Accusative rūsticum rūsticam rūsticum rūsticōs rūsticās rūstica
Ablative rūsticō rūsticā rūsticō rūsticīs
Vocative rūstice rūstica rūsticum rūsticī rūsticae rūstica

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

rūsticus m (genitive rūsticī); second declension

  1. farmer, peasant, rustic
  2. (figuratively) a boor

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rūsticus rūsticī
Genitive rūsticī rūsticōrum
Dative rūsticō rūsticīs
Accusative rūsticum rūsticōs
Ablative rūsticō rūsticīs
Vocative rūstice rūsticī

References[edit]

  • rusticus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rusticus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rusticus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • tillage; cultivation: opus rusticum
    • (ambiguous) country life (the life of resident farmers, etc.: vita rustica
  • rusticus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rusticus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray