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From Latin urbs.


urbs (plural urbes)

  1. A walled city in Ancient Rome.



urbs (a city)





urbs f (genitive urbis); third declension

  1. a city, walled town
    Urbi ferro flammāque minatus est.
    He threatened the city with fire and sword.
    • 106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, In Catilinam :
      O di immortales, ubinam gentium sumus? Quam rem publicam habemus? In qua urbe vivimus?
      O immortal gods, where on earth are we? What government do we have? In what city do we live?
  2. the City, Rome
    Ab urbe condita.
    From the founding of the City.
    Urbi et orbi.
    To the City and the world.
    • c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.7:
      Caesari cum id nuntiatum esset, eos per provinciam nostram iter facere conari, maturat ab urbe proficisci et quam maximis potest itineribus in Galliam ulteriorem contendit et ad Genavam pervenit.
      When it was reported to Caesar that they were attempting to march through our province he hastened to set out from the City, and, by as great marches as he could, proceeded to Further Gaul, and arrived at Geneva.


Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative urbs urbēs
Genitive urbis urbium
Dative urbī urbibus
Accusative urbem urbīs
Ablative urbe urbibus
Vocative urbs urbēs

Derived terms[edit]


  • Inherited:
    • Old Lombard: orba (Rome)
  • Borrowed:


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 444

Further reading[edit]

  • urbs”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • urbs”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • urbs in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the heart of the city: sinus urbis (Sall. Cat. 52. 35)
    • to set fire to a city: inflammare urbem
    • the city is very beautifully situated: urbs situ ad aspectum praeclara est
    • the city is situate on a bay: urbs in sinu sita est
    • to be far from town: longe, procul abesse ab urbe
    • to enter a city: ingredi, intrare urbem, introire in urbem
    • arrival in Rome, in town: adventus Romam, in urbem
    • to draw near to a city: appropinquare urbi, rarely ad urbem
    • to advance nearer to the city: propius accedere ad urbem or urbem
    • in the fifth year from the founding of the city: anno ab urbe condita quinto
    • native place: urbs patria or simply patria
    • the plague breaks out in the city: pestilentia (not pestis) in urbem (populum) invadit
    • a report is spreading imperceptibly: fama serpit (per urbem)
    • after having duly taken the auspices: auspicato (rem gerere, urbem condere)
    • to banish a person, send him into exile: ex urbe (civitate) expellere, pellere aliquem
    • to expel a person from the city, country: exterminare (ex) urbe, de civitate aliquem (Mil. 37. 101)
    • to garrison a town: praesidiis firmare urbem
    • to garrison a town: praesidium collocare in urbe
    • to raise a siege (used of the army of relief): urbis obsidionem liberare