humus

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See also: Humus and húmus

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

humus (usually uncountable, plural humuses)

  1. A large group of natural organic compounds, found in the soil, formed from the chemical and biological decomposition of plant and animal residues and from the synthetic activity of microorganisms.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Turkish humus or Arabic حُمُّص(ḥummuṣ).

Noun[edit]

humus (uncountable)

  1. Alternative spelling of hummus (chickpea dip)

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin humus (earth, soil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

humus m (plural humusos)

  1. humus

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin humus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦumus]
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun[edit]

humus m inan

  1. humus

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • humus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • humus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦy.mʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun[edit]

humus m (uncountable)

  1. humus (soil organic matter)
  2. (by extension) compost

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

< Latin humus

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhumus/, [ˈhumus̠]
  • Rhymes: -umus
  • Syllabification(key): hu‧mus

Noun[edit]

humus

  1. humus

Declension[edit]

Inflection of humus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative humus humukset
genitive humuksen humusten
humuksien
partitive humusta humuksia
illative humukseen humuksiin
singular plural
nominative humus humukset
accusative nom. humus humukset
gen. humuksen
genitive humuksen humusten
humuksien
partitive humusta humuksia
inessive humuksessa humuksissa
elative humuksesta humuksista
illative humukseen humuksiin
adessive humuksella humuksilla
ablative humukselta humuksilta
allative humukselle humuksille
essive humuksena humuksina
translative humukseksi humuksiksi
instructive humuksin
abessive humuksetta humuksitta
comitative humuksineen
Possessive forms of humus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person humukseni humuksemme
2nd person humuksesi humuksenne
3rd person humuksensa

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

humus m (uncountable)

  1. humus

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *homos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰomós, from *dʰéǵʰōm (earth). Cognates include Sanskrit क्ष (kṣa), Ancient Greek χθών (khthṓn), and Old Church Slavonic землꙗ (zemlja). Related to homō (human being, man).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

humus f (genitive humī); second declension

  1. ground, floor
  2. earth, soil
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.559-560:
      [Triptolemus] prīmus arābit et seret et culta praemia tollet humō
      [Triptolemus] will be the first to plow and sow and take away the rewards from cultivated soil.
      (See Triptolemus, Demophon of Eleusis, and Celeus for the ancient Greek myths about a royal family who are presented as humble country folk in the Fasti.)
    Synonyms: terra, solum, tellūs

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun, with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative humus humī
Genitive humī humōrum
Dative humō humīs
Accusative humum humōs
Ablative humō
humū
humīs
Vocative hume humī
Locative humī

humus is one of a handful of common nouns that take the locative case (humī); other such nouns include domus and rūs. Also, irregular ablative singular humū once used by Varro.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • humus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • humus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • humus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “humus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 292

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Noun[edit]

humus m inan

  1. humus
    Synonym: próchnica
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
adjective

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic حمص‎.

Noun[edit]

humus m inan

  1. hummus
    Synonym: hummus
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • humus in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • humus in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French humus, from Latin humus.

Noun[edit]

humus n (uncountable)

  1. humus (in the soil)

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xǔːmus/
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun[edit]

húmus m (Cyrillic spelling ху́мус)

  1. humus

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

humus m (plural humus)

  1. hummus
  2. humus

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French humus.

Noun[edit]

humus (definite accusative humusu, plural humuslar)

  1. humus
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative humus
Definite accusative humusu
Singular Plural
Nominative humus humuslar
Definite accusative humusu humusları
Dative humusa humuslara
Locative humusta humuslarda
Ablative humustan humuslardan
Genitive humusun humusların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusum humuslarım
2nd singular humusun humusların
3rd singular humusu humusları
1st plural humusumuz humuslarımız
2nd plural humusunuz humuslarınız
3rd plural humusları humusları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumu humuslarımı
2nd singular humusunu humuslarını
3rd singular humusunu humuslarını
1st plural humusumuzu humuslarımızı
2nd plural humusunuzu humuslarınızı
3rd plural humuslarını humuslarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusuma humuslarıma
2nd singular humusuna humuslarına
3rd singular humusuna humuslarına
1st plural humusumuza humuslarımıza
2nd plural humusunuza humuslarınıza
3rd plural humuslarına humuslarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumda humuslarımda
2nd singular humusunda humuslarında
3rd singular humusunda humuslarında
1st plural humusumuzda humuslarımızda
2nd plural humusunuzda humuslarınızda
3rd plural humuslarında humuslarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumdan humuslarımdan
2nd singular humusundan humuslarından
3rd singular humusundan humuslarından
1st plural humusumuzdan humuslarımızdan
2nd plural humusunuzdan humuslarınızdan
3rd plural humuslarından humuslarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumun humuslarımın
2nd singular humusunun humuslarının
3rd singular humusunun humuslarının
1st plural humusumuzun humuslarımızın
2nd plural humusunuzun humuslarınızın
3rd plural humuslarının humuslarının

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حُمُّص(ḥummuṣ).

Noun[edit]

humus (definite accusative humusu, plural humuslar)

  1. hummus

References[edit]

  • humus in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu