humus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Humus and húmus

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

humus (usually uncountable, plural humuses)

  1. A large group of natural organic compounds, found in the soil, formed from the chemical and biological decomposition of plant and animal residues and from the synthetic activity of microorganisms
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Turkish humus or Arabic حُمُّص(ḥummuṣ).

Noun[edit]

humus (uncountable)

  1. Alternative spelling of hummus

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin humus

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

humus m

  1. humus

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦy.mʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun[edit]

humus m (uncountable)

  1. humus (soil organic matter)
  2. (by extension) compost

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index hu)

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

< Latin humus

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhumus/, [ˈhumus̠]
  • Rhymes: -umus
  • Syllabification: hu‧mus

Noun[edit]

humus

  1. humus

Declension[edit]

Inflection of humus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative humus humukset
genitive humuksen humusten
humuksien
partitive humusta humuksia
illative humukseen humuksiin
singular plural
nominative humus humukset
accusative nom. humus humukset
gen. humuksen
genitive humuksen humusten
humuksien
partitive humusta humuksia
inessive humuksessa humuksissa
elative humuksesta humuksista
illative humukseen humuksiin
adessive humuksella humuksilla
ablative humukselta humuksilta
allative humukselle humuksille
essive humuksena humuksina
translative humukseksi humuksiksi
instructive humuksin
abessive humuksetta humuksitta
comitative humuksineen
Possessive forms of humus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person humukseni humuksemme
2nd person humuksesi humuksenne
3rd person humuksensa

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *homos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰomós, from *dʰéǵʰōm (earth). Cognates include Sanskrit क्ष (kṣa) and Ancient Greek χθών (khthṓn). Related to homō (human being, man).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

humus f (genitive humī); second declension

  1. ground, floor
  2. earth, soil

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun, with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative humus humī
Genitive humī humōrum
Dative humō humīs
Accusative humum humōs
Ablative humō
humū
humīs
Vocative hume humī
Locative humī

humus is one of a handful of common nouns that take the locative case (humī); other such nouns include domus and rūs. Also, irregular ablative singular humū once used by Varro.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “humus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 292

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin humus.

Noun[edit]

humus m inan

  1. humus
    Synonym: próchnica
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حمص‎.

Noun[edit]

humus m inan

  1. hummus
    Synonym: hummus
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • humus in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • humus in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xǔːmus/
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun[edit]

húmus m (Cyrillic spelling ху́мус)

  1. humus

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

humus m (plural humus)

  1. hummus
  2. humus

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French humus.

Noun[edit]

humus (definite accusative humusu, plural humuslar)

  1. humus

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative humus
Definite accusative humusu
Singular Plural
Nominative humus humuslar
Definite accusative humusu humusları
Dative humusa humuslara
Locative humusta humuslarda
Ablative humustan humuslardan
Genitive humusun humusların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular humusum humuslarım
2nd singular humusun humusların
3rd singular humusu humusları
1st plural humusumuz humuslarımız
2nd plural humusunuz humuslarınız
3rd plural humusları humusları

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حُمُّص‎(ḥummuṣ).

Noun[edit]

humus (definite accusative {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. hummus

References[edit]

  • humus in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu