compost

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Northern French compost (mixture of leaves, manure, etc., for fertilizing land" also "condiment), from Latin compositus (composed, compouspanind), from componere. Doublet of compote, which was taken from modern French, and composite.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɒmpɒst/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɑmpoʊst/
  • Hyphenation: com‧post

Noun[edit]

compost (countable and uncountable, plural composts)

  1. The decayed remains of organic matter that has rotted into a natural fertilizer
    Dig plenty of compost into clay or sandy soil to improve its structure.
    • Shakespeare
      And do not spread the compost on the weeds / To make them ranker.
    • 2014 April 21, Mary Keen, “You can still teach an old gardener new tricks: Even the hardiest of us gardeners occasionally learn useful new techniques [print version: Gardening is always ready to teach even the hardiest of us a few new tricks, 19 April 2014]”, in The Daily Telegraph (Gardening)[1], page G7:
      [T]he very wet winter will have washed much of the goodness out of the soil. Homemade compost and the load of manure we get from a friendly farmer may not be enough to compensate for what has leached from the ground.
  2. (obsolete) A mixture; a compound.
    • Hammond
      A sad compost of more bitter than sweet.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

compost (third-person singular simple present composts, present participle composting, simple past and past participle composted)

  1. To produce compost, let organic matter decay into fertilizer
    If you compost your grass clippings, you can improve your soil.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

  • mulch (sometimes used interchangeably with compost)
  • humus

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Occitan, from Latin compostus, syncopated variant of compositus.

Adjective[edit]

compost (feminine composta, masculine plural composts or compostos, feminine plural compostes)

  1. compound
    ull compost
    compound eye

Etymology 2[edit]

From the above, possibly influenced by English compost.

Noun[edit]

compost m (plural composts or compostos)

  1. compost

Verb[edit]

compost

  1. past participle of compondre

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English compost.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

compost m, n (uncountable)

  1. compost, natural fertilizer produced by decaying organic matter

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a substantivation and specialization of old Norman compost, from (Old Northern French), Old French composte (mixture of leaves, manure, etc., for fertilizing land; condiment), from Latin compostus, syncopated variant of compositus (composed, compound), from componere. Modern French spelling influenced by English (compare the modern Norman spelling compôt, which is the expected form). Doublet of compote and composite.

Noun[edit]

compost m (plural composts)

  1. compost, natural fertilizer produced by decaying organic matter

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English compost. Doublet of composto.

Noun[edit]

compost m (invariable)

  1. compost

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin compostus, syncopated variant of compositus, from compōnō (I arrange, compile, compose, make up).

Adjective[edit]

compost m (oblique and nominative feminine singular composte)

  1. composed (of)

Descendants[edit]