oppidum

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin oppidum ((chiefly walled or fortified) town).

Noun[edit]

oppidum (plural oppida)

  1. A large, defended Iron Age settlement associated with the Celtic La Tène culture. [from 19th c.]
    • 2013, Graham Robb, The Ancient Paths, Picador 2014, p. 76:
      ‘Mount Ceasar’ was a major oppidum of the Bellovaci tribe and almost certainly the tribal capital: its geographical relationship to the nearby Roman capital of Beauvais is typical of a post-conquest tribal resettlement.

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *oppedom, from Proto-Indo-European *pedo- meaning either "step > ground" or "foot" - compare the morphology of Ancient Greek ἐπίπεδος (epípedos, plane, superficial). Cognates include Ancient Greek πέδον (pédon), Sanskrit पद (pada, on or over the plain).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

oppidum n (genitive oppidī); second declension

  1. town (esp. of towns other than Rome, which was generally called Urbs)
    Manus gladiatorum oppidum eruperat.
    The company of gladiators had made a sally from the town.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative oppidum oppida
Genitive oppidī oppidōrum
Dative oppidō oppidīs
Accusative oppidum oppida
Ablative oppidō oppidīs
Vocative oppidum oppida

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Portuguese: Óbidos
  • Portuguese: ópido

References[edit]

  • oppidum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • oppidum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • oppidum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • oppidum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the town lies near the sea: oppidum mari adiacet
    • the town stands on rising ground: oppidum colli impositum est
    • the town lies at the foot of a mountain: oppidum monti subiectum est
    • to build, found a city: oppidum constituere, condere
    • a town with a strong natural position: oppidum natura loci munitum (B. G. 1. 38)
    • a town artificially fortified: oppidum manu (opere) munitum
    • to besiege a city: oppidum obsidere
    • to besiege a city: oppidum obsidione claudere
    • to keep a town in a state of siege: oppidum in obsidione tenere
    • to starve a town into surrender: oppidum fame domare
    • to storm a town: oppidum oppugnare
    • to surround a town with a rampart and fosse: oppidum cingere vallo et fossa
    • to rain missiles on a town, bombard it: oppidum tormentis verberare
    • to raise a siege (used of the army of relief): oppidum obsidione liberare
    • to break into the town: in oppidum irrumpere
    • to break into the town: in oppidum irruptionem facere
    • to take, storm a town: oppidum capere, expugnare
    • to retake a town: oppidum recipere
    • to fire a town: oppidum incendere
    • to plunder a town: oppidum diripere
    • to completely destroy a town: oppidum evertere, excīdere
    • to raze a town to the ground: oppidum solo aequare
    • a seaport town: oppidum maritimum
    • (ambiguous) to make a sally, sortie from the town: eruptionem facere ex oppido
    • (ambiguous) to make a sally, sortie from the town: crebras ex oppido excursiones facere (B. G. 2. 30)
  • oppidum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • oppidum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin