ruis

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ruis and Rúis

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ruisen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rœy̯s/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ruis
  • Rhymes: -œy̯s

Noun[edit]

ruis m (uncountable)

  1. noise, rushing sound
  2. sound or signal generated by random fluctuations; static

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rugis (compare Estonian rukis, Veps rugiž), borrowed from Proto-Germanic *rugiz (compare Old English ryġe).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrui̯s/, [ˈrui̯s̠]
  • Rhymes: -uis
  • Syllabification(key): ruis

Noun[edit]

ruis

  1. rye

Declension[edit]

Inflection of ruis (Kotus type 41*D/vieras, k- gradation)
nominative ruis rukiit
genitive rukiin rukiiden
rukiitten
partitive ruista rukiita
illative rukiiseen rukiisiin
singular plural
nominative ruis rukiit
accusative nom. ruis rukiit
gen. rukiin
genitive rukiin rukiiden
rukiitten
partitive ruista rukiita
inessive rukiissa rukiissa
elative rukiista rukiista
illative rukiiseen rukiisiin
rukiihinrare
adessive rukiilla rukiilla
ablative rukiilta rukiilta
allative rukiille rukiille
essive rukiina rukiina
translative rukiiksi rukiiksi
instructive rukiin
abessive rukiitta rukiitta
comitative rukiineen
Possessive forms of ruis (type vieras)
possessor singular plural
1st person rukiini rukiimme
2nd person rukiisi rukiinne
3rd person rukiinsa

Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Ruista.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rugis. Cognates include Finnish ruis and Estonian rukis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruis

  1. rye
    • 1936, V. I. Junus; P. L. Maksimov, Inkeroisin keelen oppikirja alkuşkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Päivyt paistaa.
      Kasvaa ruis.
      The sun shines.
      The rye grows.

Declension[edit]

Declension of ruis (type 2/patsas, k- gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative ruis rukkeet
genitive rukkeen rukkiin
partitive ruista, ruist rukkiita
illative rukkeesse rukkiisse
inessive rukkees rukkiis
elative rukkeest rukkiist
allative rukkeelle rukkiille
adessive rukkeel rukkiil
ablative rukkeelt rukkiilt
translative rukkeeks rukkiiks
essive rukkeenna, rukkeen rukkiinna, rukkiin
exessive1) rukkeent rukkiint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 490

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rugis, compare Finnish ruis, Veps rugiž, Estonian rukis).

Noun[edit]

ruis (genitive rukehen, partitive ruista)

  1. rye

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

ruis

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of ruō

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ruis

  1. inflection of ros:
    1. vocative/genitive singular
    2. nominative plural (both etymologies)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ruis
also rruis after a proclitic
ruis
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.