ruo

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See also: ruó, ruò, and ru'o

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃rew- . Cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρούω(oroúō, hurry).

Verb[edit]

ruō ‎(present infinitive ruere, perfect active ruī, supine rutum); third conjugation

  1. I hurry, rush, hasten, move quickly.
  2. I collapse, fall down.
  3. I fail, fall.
  4. I cast down; I hurl to the ground.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of ruo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ruō ruis ruit ruimus ruitis ruunt
imperfect ruēbam ruēbās ruēbat ruēbāmus ruēbātis ruēbant
future ruam ruēs ruet ruēmus ruētis ruent
perfect ruī ruistī ruit ruimus ruistis ruērunt, ruēre
pluperfect rueram ruerās ruerat ruerāmus ruerātis ruerant
future perfect ruerō rueris ruerit ruerimus rueritis ruerint
passive present ruor rueris, ruere ruitur ruimur ruiminī ruuntur
imperfect ruēbar ruēbāris, ruēbāre ruēbātur ruēbāmur ruēbāminī ruēbantur
future ruar ruēris, ruēre ruētur ruēmur ruēminī ruentur
perfect rutus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect rutus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect rutus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ruam ruās ruat ruāmus ruātis ruant
imperfect ruerem ruerēs rueret ruerēmus ruerētis ruerent
perfect ruerim ruerīs ruerit ruerīmus ruerītis ruerint
pluperfect ruissem ruissēs ruisset ruissēmus ruissētis ruissent
passive present ruar ruāris, ruāre ruātur ruāmur ruāminī ruantur
imperfect ruerer ruerēris, ruerēre ruerētur ruerēmur ruerēminī ruerentur
perfect rutus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect rutus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rue ruite
future ruitō ruitō ruitōte ruuntō
passive present ruere ruiminī
future ruitor ruitor ruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ruere ruisse rutūrus esse ruī rutus esse rutum īrī
participles ruēns rutūrus rutus ruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
ruere ruendī ruendō ruendum rutum rutū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *Hrew-(to tear out, dig out). Cognate with Russian рыть(rytʹ).

Verb[edit]

ruō ‎(present infinitive ruere); third conjugation, no perfect or supine forms

  1. I dig out

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There has been some confusion between the derivatives of the two verbs.

References[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ruo

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ruó.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ruò.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Marshallese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *rua, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *dua, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *dua, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *duha, from Proto-Austronesian *duSa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • MED phonemes: {riwew}
  • IPA phonemes: /rˠɨwɜw/
  • IPA articulation: [rˠɯ͡uɔɔ̯]

Numeral[edit]

ruo

  1. (cardinal) two

References[edit]