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Russian edition of Wiktionary

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (abbreviation): Ru.


Medieval Latin (11th century) Russianus, the adjective of Russia, a Latinization of the Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ). Attested in English (both as a noun and as an adjective) from the 16th century.


  • IPA(key): /ˈɹʌʃ(ə)n/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌʃən


Russian (countable and uncountable, plural Russians)

  1. (countable) A person from Russia.
  2. (countable) An ethnic Russian: a member of the East Slavic ethnic group which is native to, and constitutes the majority of the population of, Russia.
  3. (uncountable) The Russian language.
  4. A domestic cat breed.
  5. A cat of this breed.
  6. (juggling, rare in the singular) A type of juggling ball with a hard outer shell, filled with salt, sand or another similar substance.
    • 2011, jamescoutry24, “Beanbags > Russian”, in rec.juggling, Usenet:
      Ok, I do think I am starting to get used to it, but you have to admit, if youve[sic] been juggling bags and then start juggling Russians, they feel sooo lopsided to juggle at first!

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Russian (comparative more Russian, superlative most Russian)

  1. Of or pertaining to Russia.
    • 2017 February 19, John Oliver, “Putin”, in Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, season 4, episode 2, HBO:
      So that is the official line: you’re shit, we’re shit, everything’s shit, never try for a better world because it doesn’t exist. That is not only bleak, I think it’s also the working title of every Russian novel ever written.
  2. Of or pertaining to the Russian language.
  3. (dated) Of or pertaining to Rus.

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Russian alphabet (Cyrillic)