زبان

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See also: زَبان

Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

زبان (transliteration needed)

  1. tongue
  2. language

See also[edit]


Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (ŠNA) / [script needed] (ʾwzwʾn' /uzwān/) (Middle Persian 𐫙𐫉𐫇𐫀𐫗(ʿzwʾn /izwān/)), from Proto-Iranian *hižwáH (compare Northern Kurdish ziman, Pashto ژبه(žəba), Avestan 𐬵𐬍𐬰𐬎𐬎𐬁(hīzuuā)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́iȷ́ʰwáH (compare Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā), Hindi जीभ (jībh)), from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (compare Old Prussian insuwis, Russian язы́к (jazýk), French langue, English tongue).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian زبان
Iranian Persian
Tajik забон (zabon)

زبان (zabân, zobân) (plural زبان‌ها(zabân-hâ))

  1. tongue (body part)
  2. language
    در زبان اردو، این کلمه به معنی « بزرگ » است.‎‎
    dar zabân-e ordu, in kalame be ma'ni-ye "bozorg" ast.
    In the Urdu language, this word means "big".
    • late 13th century, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, Reynold A. Nicholson, transl., مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume I, verse 1206:
      ای بسا هندو و ترک هم زبان / ای بسا دو ترک چون بیگانگان‌
      ey basâ hendu o tork-e ham zabân / ey basâ do tork čon bigânegân
      Oh, many are the Indians and Turks that speak the same tongue; oh, many the pair of Turks that are as strangers [to each other].
    • c. 1650, Čandra Bhān, دیوان برهمن [The Brahman's divan]:
      برهمن از لب هندی نژادان نکته می‌سنجد / زبان پارسی و ترکی و تازی نمی‌داند.‎‎
      barahman az lab-e hendi nežâdân nokte mi-sanjad / zabân-e pârsi va torki va tâzi ne-mi-dânad.
      [This] brahman weighs his subtle wits with lips of Hindi lineage; he knows not the Persian nor the Turkish nor the Arabic tongues.
    • c. 1655, دبستان مذاهب [Dabistān-i Mazāhib]:
      و یزدان بهر آباد نامه‌ای فرستاد دساتیر نام که در او هر دانش و همه زبان بود.‎‎
      va yazdân bahr-e âbâd nâme-yi ferestâd dasâtir-e nâm ke dar u har dâneš va hame zabân bud.
      And God sent for Ābād's sake a book, Dasātir by name, within which there is all knowledge and every language.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) , “uzwān”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 85

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian زبان(zobân, zabân).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zʊ.bɑːn/, /zə.bɑːn/

Noun[edit]

زبان (zubān, zabānf (Hindi spelling ज़बान)

  1. tongue (body part)
    Synonyms: جیبھ(jībh), لسان(lisān)
  2. language
    Synonyms: لسان(lisān), بھاشا(bhāśā), بولی(bolī)

Declension[edit]

Declension of زبان
singular plural
direct زُبان(zubān) زُبانیں(zubānẽ)
oblique زُبان(zubān) زُبانوں(zubānõ)
vocative زُبان(zubān) زُبانو(zubāno)

Derived terms[edit]


Yemeni Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Egyptian Arabic زَمُكَّة(zamukka), زَلَمُكَّة(zalamukka, fundament of a fowl), Moroccan Arabic زك(zukk, arse), Ge'ez ዘባን (zäban, back), Tigrinya ዘባን (zäban, back).

Noun[edit]

زَبَان (zabān)

  1. bum, fundament, abdomen
  2. loins, hips

References[edit]

  • Landberg, Carlo, editor (1942) Glossaire daṯînois[1] (in French), Leiden: Brill, page 1821
  • Piamenta, Moshe (1991) Dictionary of Post-Classical Yemeni Arabic, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 196b