زبان

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See also: زَبان

Baluchi

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Noun

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زبان (zabán)

  1. tongue
  2. language

See also

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Persian

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Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle Persian [script needed] (ŠNA) / [script needed] (ʾwzwʾn' /⁠uzwān⁠/) (Middle Persian 𐫙𐫉𐫇𐫀𐫗 (ʿzwʾn /⁠izwān⁠/)), from Proto-Iranian *hižwáH (compare Northern Kurdish ziman, Pashto ژبه (žəba), Avestan 𐬵𐬍𐬰𐬎𐬎𐬁 (hīzuuā)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́iȷ́ʰwáH (compare Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā), Urdu جِیبھ (jībh) / Hindi जीभ (jībh)), from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (compare Old Prussian insuwis, Russian язы́к (jazýk), French langue, English tongue).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? zaḇān
Dari reading? zabān, zubān
Iranian reading? zabân
Tajik reading? zabon
  • (Hamadan) IPA(key): [zeˈbɒːn]
  • Audio (Iran):(file)

Noun

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Dari زبان
Iranian Persian
Tajik забон

زبان (zabân, zobân) (plural زبان‌ها (zabân-hâ))

  1. tongue (body part)
  2. language
    در زبان اردو، این کلمه به معنی « بزرگ » است.
    dar zabân-e ordu, in kalame be ma'ni-ye "bozorg" ast.
    In the Urdu language, this word means "big".
    • c. 1260s, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, translated by Reynold A. Nicholson, مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume I, verse 1206:
      اَی بَسَا هِنْدُو و تُرْکِ هَم زَبَان اَی بَسَا دُو تُرْک چون بیگَانَگَان
      ay basā hindū u turk-i ham zabān ay basā dū turk čōn bēgānagān
      Oh, many are the Indians and Turks that speak the same tongue; oh, many the pair of Turks that are as strangers [to each other].
    • c. 1650, Čandra Bhān, دیوان برهمن [The Brahman's divan]:
      بَرَهْمَن اَز لَبِ هِنْدِی نَژَادَان نُکْتَه می‌سَنْجَد زَبَانِ پَارْسِی و تُرْکِی و تَازِی نَمی‌دَانَد.
      barahman az lab-i hindī nažādān nukta mē-sanjad zabān-i pārsī u turkī u tāzī namē-dānad.
      [This] brahman weighs his subtle wits with lips of Hindi lineage; he knows not the Persian nor the Turkish nor the Arabic tongues.
      (Mughal Persian)
    • c. 1655, دبستان مذاهب [Dabistān-i Mazāhib]:
      وَ یَزْدَان بَهْرِ آبَاد نَامِه‌ای فِرِسْتَاد دَسَاتیرِ نَام کِه دَر او هَر دَانِش و هَمِه زَبَان بود.
      va yazdân bahr-e âbâd nâme-i ferestâd dasâtir-e nâm ke dar u har dâneš o hame zabân bud.
      And God sent for Ābād's sake a book, Dasātir by name, within which there is all knowledge and every language.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) “uzwān”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 85

Sindhi

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian زبان (zabān, zubān).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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زُبانَ (zubānaf (Devanagari ज़ुबान)

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. language

References

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  • Khānu, Balocu (19601988) “زُبانَ”, in Jāmiʻ Sindhī lughāta (in Sindhi), Hyderabad, Sindh: Sindhī Adabī Borḍ

Urdu

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Etymology

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First attested in c. 1603 as Middle Hindi زبان (/⁠zbān⁠/), borrowed from Classical Persian زبان (zabān, zubān), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *hižwáH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́iȷ́ʰwáH.. Doublet of جِیبھ (jībh).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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زَبان or زُبان (zabān or zubānf (Hindi spelling ज़बान or ज़ुबान)

  1. (anatomy) tongue
    Synonyms: جیبھ (jībh), لسان (lisān)
  2. language, vernacular
    Synonyms: لسان (lisān), بھاشا (bhāśā), بولی (bolī)
  3. speech, word
  4. the tip (of a pen; flame of a candle etc.)

Usage notes

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Although zabān and zubān are both considered correct, some Urdu scholars are of the opinion that zabān merely refers to the body part, ie. tongue, whereas zubān refers to a language or speech, and sometimes vice versa, although there is no consensus for this. Shakespear, Platts, Fallon all attest both variants. Shams-ur-Rahman Farooqi, in his dictionary luġāt roz marra (pages 205-206), notes that the term زبان (/⁠zbān⁠/) is pronounced as zubān in Delhi and many of the Eastern [Indian Urdu] dialects, and in other parts zabān.

Declension

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Declension of زبان
singular plural
direct زبان (zubān) زبانیں (zubānẽ)
oblique زبان (zubān) زبانوں (zubānõ)
vocative زبان (zubān) زبانو (zubāno)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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  • زبان”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • زبان”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971) “زبان”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • Platts, John T. (1884) “زبان”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  • S. W. Fallon (1879) “زبان”, in A New Hindustani-English Dictionary, Banaras, London: Trubner and Co.
  • John Shakespear (1834) “زبان”, in A dictionary, Hindustani and English: with a copious index, fitting the work to serve, also, as a dictionary of English and Hindustani, 3rd edition, London: J.L. Cox and Son, →OCLC

Yemeni Arabic

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Etymology

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Cognate to Egyptian Arabic زَمُكَّة (zamukka), زَلَمُكَّة (zalamukka, fundament of a fowl), Moroccan Arabic زك (zukk, arse), Ge'ez ዘባን (zäban, back), Tigre and Tigrinya ዝባን (zəban, back).

Noun

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زَبَان (zabān)

  1. bum, fundament, abdomen
  2. loins, hips

References

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  • Landberg, Carlo, editor (1942), Glossaire daṯînois[1] (in French), Leiden: Brill, page 1821
  • Piamenta, Moshe (1991) Dictionary of Post-Classical Yemeni Arabic, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 196b