divan

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See also: díván and diván

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French, from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân),[1] from Persian دیوان(divân), from Middle Persian dywʾn' (dīwān, archive; collected writings), from Sumerian 𒁾 (dub). Compare mattress, from Arabic (both of Middle Eastern origin, due to the local custom of lying on padding on floor being foreign to Europeans). Doublet of dewan and douane.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈvæn/
  • (US) IPA(key): /dɪˈvæn/, /ˈdaɪ.væn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

divan (plural divans)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. (now historical) A Muslim council of state, specifically that of viziers of the Ottoman Empire that discussed and recommended new laws and law changes to a higher authority (the sultan).
  2. The council chamber where this court is held; (by extension), any court of justice.
  3. (now rare) Any council or assembly.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, I.10:
      Startled at such an unaccountable event, they sat in close divan; and concluding that the case was in all respects unnatural and prodigious, desired that a messenger might be immediately dispatched for some male practitioner in the art of midwifery.
  4. A couch- or sofa-like piece of furniture made of a mattress lying against the wall and either on the floor or an elevated structure.
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 20, in Friday's Business[1]:
      Eurydice pointed to the cupboard, and sat down on the low divan with folded hands, and looked at the floor.
  5. A smoking-room.
  6. A collection of poems, especially one written by one author in Arabic or Persian.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "divan." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2008.

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic диван
Latin divan
Perso-Arabic دیوان

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian دیوان(divân).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

divan (definite accusative divanı, plural divanlar)

  1. divan (council)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

divan m

  1. (furniture): divan

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • divan in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • divan in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French divan, from Ottoman Turkish دیوان‎, from Persian دیوان‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdi.vɑn/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

Noun[edit]

divan m (plural divans)

  1. A divan (piece of furniture).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân), from Persian دیوان(divân).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

divan m (plural divans)

  1. Any type of undistinguished couch.
  2. A divan in either of the original Turkish senses.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: divan
  • German: Diwan
  • Portuguese: divã

Further reading[edit]


Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French avant

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

divan

  1. before
  2. ahead

Etymology 2[edit]

From French vent

Preposition[edit]

divan

  1. the wind

References[edit]

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân), from Persian دیوان(divân).

Noun[edit]

divan n (plural divane)

  1. divan

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *divьnъ

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dîːʋan/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

Adjective[edit]

dȋvan (definite dȋvnī, comparative divniji, Cyrillic spelling ди̑ван)

  1. wonderful
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân), from Persian دیوان(divân).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dǐʋaːn/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

Noun[edit]

dìvān m (Cyrillic spelling дѝва̄н)

  1. divan (furniture)
  2. divan (council)
  3. divan (collection of poems)
  4. (historical) court, tribunal (in Ottoman period)
  5. (regional) conversation, word
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân), from Persian دیوان‎, from Middle Persian d(p)ywʾn' (dēwān, archive, collected writings).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

divan (definite accusative divanı, plural divanlar)

  1. divan (all senses)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative divan
Definite accusative divanı
Singular Plural
Nominative divan divanlar
Definite accusative divanı divanları
Dative divana divanlara
Locative divanda divanlarda
Ablative divandan divanlardan
Genitive divanın divanların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanım divanlarım
2nd singular divanın divanların
3rd singular divanı divanları
1st plural divanımız divanlarımız
2nd plural divanınız divanlarınız
3rd plural divanları divanları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımı divanlarımı
2nd singular divanını divanlarını
3rd singular divanını divanlarını
1st plural divanımızı divanlarımızı
2nd plural divanınızı divanlarınızı
3rd plural divanlarını divanlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanıma divanlarıma
2nd singular divanına divanlarına
3rd singular divanına divanlarına
1st plural divanımıza divanlarımıza
2nd plural divanınıza divanlarınıza
3rd plural divanlarına divanlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımda divanlarımda
2nd singular divanında divanlarında
3rd singular divanında divanlarında
1st plural divanımızda divanlarımızda
2nd plural divanınızda divanlarınızda
3rd plural divanlarında divanlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımdan divanlarımdan
2nd singular divanından divanlarından
3rd singular divanından divanlarından
1st plural divanımızdan divanlarımızdan
2nd plural divanınızdan divanlarınızdan
3rd plural divanlarından divanlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımın divanlarımın
2nd singular divanının divanlarının
3rd singular divanının divanlarının
1st plural divanımızın divanlarımızın
2nd plural divanınızın divanlarınızın
3rd plural divanlarının divanlarının

Derived terms[edit]